Writing Indians: literacy, Christianity, and native community in early America
A study of cultural encounter, this book takes a fresh look at the much ignored and often misunderstood experience of Christian Indians in early America. Focusing on New England missionary settlements from the mid-seventeenth to the early nineteenth centuries, Hilary E. Wyss examines the ways in which Native American converts to Christianity developed their own distinct identity within the context of a colonial culture.With an approach that weaves together literature, religious studies, and ethnohistory, Wyss grounds her work in the analysis of a rarely read body of" autobiographical" writings by Christian Indians, including letters, journal entries, and religious confessions. She then juxtaposes these documents to the writings of better known Native Americans like Samson Occom as well as to the published works of Anglo-Americans, such as Mary Rowlandson's famous captivity narrative and Eleazor Wheelock's accounts of his charity schools.In their search for ostensibly "authentic" Native voices, scholars have tended to overlook the writings of Christian Indians. Yet, Wyss argues, these texts reveal the emergence of a dynamic Native American identity through Christianity. More specifically, they show how the active appropriation of New England Protestantism contributed to the formation of a particular Indian identity that resisted colonialism by using its language against itself.
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The Old Religion in a New World: The History of North American Christianity
Mark A. Noll
Limited preview - 2002
Algonquian alliances Anglo Anglo-American missionaries Apess argues assumptions attempt Aupaumut autobiography autoethnographies Bible Boston Bragdon Brethren captivity narrative Chris Christ Christian Indians church civilized claims colonial colonists connection conversion narratives define drinking early emphasizes England English Euro-American example Experience Mayhew father glish Gookin Gospel heart Hopkins Housatonic humility Indian Converts involved James Printer John Eliot John Sergeant Joseph Johnson journal King Philip's Kirkland land letter literacy lives Mahican Martha's Vineyard Massachusett language minister mission missionary tract Native Americans Native Christians Native community Native converts Native identity Oneida points political position powwows praying Indians praying towns Puritan racial records relationship religious rhetoric role Rowlandson Sachem Samson Occom Samuel Samuel Kirkland Sassamon sense settlement settlers social Society spiritual Stockbridge Indians structures struggle suggests tells tian tion tive traditional translation Umpachenee Umpachenee's Wampanoag Wheelock White Williams women words writing written
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