Manichaean Art in Berlin Collections: A Comprehensive Catalogue of Manichaean Artifacts Belonging to the Berlin State Museums of the Prussian Cultural Foundation, Museum of Indian Art, and the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences, Deposited in the Berlin State Library of the Prussian Cultural Foundation
The world's richest source of Manichaean texts and works of art is the Turfan region in East Central Asia, and the largest collection of such artifacts is found in Berlin. The Berlin Turfan collections resulted from four German expeditions that took place between 1902 and 1914. The commencement of the philological study of the thousands of manuscript fragments from Turfan led to the recognition of the first known, original Manichaean writings. Among these primary sources, Manichaean works of art were found as well. A sample of them, the best preserved items, appeared in two studies by Albert von Le Coq and a few pieces are frequently exhibited internationally and appear in catalogues published by the Berlin Museum of Indian Art. Besides these efforts, Turfan Manichaean art has enjoyed little art historical attention. A Manichaean artistic corpus has never been systematically identified among the Turfan remains. Artifacts belonging to this corpus have not been catalogued or examined by art historians as a whole. This book is a comprehensive, descriptive catalogue of positively identified Manichaean artifacts housed in Berlin. The majority of them belong to the State Museums of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, housed in the Museum for Indian Art, Berlin. In addition numerous illuminated book fragments are found within a manuscript collection belonging to the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and is deposited in the Berlin State Library of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation. From the two Turfan collections, 93 item-groups have been selected according to a specific set of criteria. The main entries of this catalogue are organized according to media and are presented as illuminated book fragments, remnants of leather book covers, painted and embroidered textiles and fragments of wall paintings. The largest group, paper fragments, includes 68 pieces and is sub-divided by book-format - codex, scroll and pustake (palm leaf format).
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Appendix Berlin bifolio blank blue background book fragment book paintings Buddhist catalogued by Boyce codex color column contains contour drawing decorative design DISCUSSION disk edge figural composition folia folio frag fragment was catalogued fragments MIK garment gilded gold leaf Gulacsi halo Hartel head header headgear hymn iconography identical indicate Jason BeDuhn Klimkeit 1982a Kocho Larry Clark layer leaf on paper letters lower main figure Manichaean art Manichaean book Manichaean illuminated Manichaean paintings Manichaean script Manichaeism ments Middle Persian language motifs ORIENTATION This fragment outer margin painting MIK Parthian Parthian language Persian in Manichaean piece pigments on paper plain weave portrayed recto remains remnants robe scarf scarves scene seen on MIK sides of MIK silk Sogdian language Sogdian script textile Tulufan Turfan Museum Turkic underdrawing unidentified unspecified upper margin Uygur verso wall painting wefts Werner Sundermann written in red Yaldiz