Landscapes of Settlement: Prehistory to the Present
Rural settlements underlie today's cities and still hold over half the world's population. This text excavates the changing forms and functions of these settlements, exploring their origins, development and their future. Settlement is the physical reflection of the social organization of space. Starting with the human dwelling, settlement aggregates into farmsteads, hamlets, villages, towns and cities. Patterns of development can be traced, contours by which a history of a land and its people can be read.
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Africa agriculture Appleton-le-Moors arable land areas basic buildings Chapter characteristics classification clusters colonial communal complex compound comprised contexts contrast core created cultivation cultural defined diagram diffusion dispersed settlement dominated dwellings East economic elements emphasise England environment Europe European example factors farmers farming Figure framework generalised GHANA grazing hamlets historical homesteads human ideas individual involved irregular agglomeration Kiebingen kilometre labour landscapes layout linked Manorbier market towns medieval Middridge Moshav neolithic Netherlands Nevertheless Nigeria North Yorkshire northern nucleated settlement Nucleation and dispersion pasture physical population present regions regular RIFT VALLEY PROVINCE roots rural settlement scale Scandinavia seen settlement forms settlement patterns settlement plans settlement systems single farmstead social societies soils Somerset Levels space square kilometre structure sustained territory traditional upland urban varied village plans villages and hamlets Wales wholly woodland zones