English place names
This revised and updated edition of the 1961 classic explains the technique of place-name study; examines the types of place-name formation, both ancient and modern; and includes a new chapter on modern place-names. It covers names of Celtic, Anglo-Saxon, Scandinavian and French origin, those with Christian and pagan significance, those illustrating social and legal customs; and more.
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Abbreviations and Pronunciation of Old English and
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13th century affix appears areas Celtic Celtic name chapter church common counties Danelaw Danish dative denote Derbyshire derived from OE Devon dialect district Domesday Book earlier East Midlands enclosure England English personal name English place-names Ermine Street etymology examples farm field-names ford given glade Herefordshire hill identical ingas Lancashire Lane later Latin Lincolnshire literally manor marsh meaning medieval minor names modern form names derived North noted Nottingham Nottinghamshire occasionally occurs ODan Old English Old English personal Old Norse open land origin pagan parish perhaps place-names derived plural presumably probably recorded reference river river-name Roman road Romano-British Saxons Scandinavian word second element seems self-explanatory sense shires Shropshire simplex name South stream Street street-names suggested survives topographical town tumulus valley village wapentake Watling Street Welsh Westmorland wood Yorkshire