Essential Cell Biology, Volume 2

Front Cover
Bruce Alberts
Garland Science, 1998 - Science - 630 pages
13 Reviews
A new entry-level survey of cell biology that makes teaching and learning easier than ever beforeSaves work for teachers -- motivates studentsNow a new introductory text explains cell biology at a level that is easy to grasp for students with a minimal knowledge of biology. The detailed, easy-to-follow text provides students with important background information and the basics necessary to understand cell biology. Teachers can spend less time explaining fundamentals and can focus on more sophisticated concepts. In addition, a profusion of detailed step-by-step full-color diagrams, electron micrographs and photographs reveal and clarify important principles and processes.Written by the authors of a renowned classicThis new volume is the work of the same exceptional team who wrote the groundbreaking and universally acclaimed text Molecular Biology of the Cell, now in its Third Edition. The brand-new Essential Cell Biology was written in response to many professors who expressed a need for an introductory textbook for undergraduates that was not as difficult as texts for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. In Essential Cell Biology, early chapters review basic concepts in chemistry and biochemistry to provide the necessary understanding of the essential processes and mechanisms covered later in the text. The full-color schematics have been meticulously constructed specifically for students taking a basic course.-- Problems and answers complement the text and stimulate the student's curiosity.-- Quick questions within each chapter enable students to instantly review what they have just read.-- End-of-chapter self-tests of more challenging questions letstudents gauge their grasp of the material and whet their appetite for more information.-- Easy-to-understand panels illuminate the principles of microscopy, the composition of biological macromolecules, the basis of hydroph
  

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Review: Essential Cell Biology

User Review  - Albert - Goodreads

paradoxically, cell dynamics are more complex than organism dynamics. this is a really good introduction to the not-so-rigid building blocks of life. Read full review

Review: Essential Cell Biology

User Review  - ♥Xeni♥ - Goodreads

I forgot to mark this book as read last month. Had a 16-question test on the WHOLE book, plus extra details which weren't in the book, and I barely passed... lol. Still, its a pretty decent book ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction to Cells
1
List of Topics
2
Special Features
4
the principal features of animal plant and bacterial cells
18
Cells Under the Microscope 1 Living Cells All Have a Similar Basic Chemistry
21
Mitochondria Generate Energy from Food to Singlecelled Organisms Can Be Large
27
Panel 13 Mammalian differentiated cell types 3233
32
Unity and Diversity of Cells 17 Questions
34
About 10 of the Human Genome Consists
310
DNA Technology
313
Gel Electrophoresis Separates
317
The Nucleotide Sequence of DNA Fragments
332
DNA Cloning 324 Mutant Organisms Best Reveal the Function
339
Membrane Structure
347
The Lipid Bilayer Is a Twodimensional Fluid 352 Detergents and Purified
360
Membrane Proteins 357 Proteins
366

Chemical Components of Cells
37
Panel 21 Chemical bonds and groups commonly encountered
46
The Outermost Electrons Determine How Atoms Subunits of Polysaccharides
53
Panel 23 An outline of some of the types of sugars commonly found in cells 5657
56
Covalent Bonds Form by the Sharing of Electrons 43 Nucleotides Are the Subunits of DNA and RNA
61
Panel 25 The 20 amino acids found in proteins 6263
62
Some Polar Molecules Form Acids and Bases of a Macromolecule
69
Panel 27 The principal types of weak noncovalent bonds that hold
70
Energy Catalysis and Biosynthesis
77
Energy Catalysis and Biosynthesis
78
Panel 31 Free energy and biological reactions 9091
90
Catalysis and the Use of Energy by Cells 79 Activated Carrier Molecules
94
The There Are Many Other Activated Carrier
100
For Sequential Reactions AG Values Questions
106
How Cells Obtain Energy from Food
107
Panel 41 Details of the 10 steps of glycolysis 112113
112
Glycolysis Is a Central ATPproducing Pathway 110 Organisms Store Food Molecules in Special
114
Panel 42 The complete citric acid cycle 122123
122
Protein Structure and Function
133
Protein Structure and Function
134
Panel 51 A few examples of some general protein functions
135
Proteins Fold into a Conformation of Lowest Few of the Many Possible Polypeptide Chains
147
or Spheres
149
Proteins Bind to Other Molecules
155
Panel 53 Antibodies 158159
158
Panel 56 Protein structure determination 164165
164
Enzymes Are Powerful and Highly Specific
167
Allosteric Enzymes Have Two Binding Sites
173
Questions
179
DNA
183
Genes Are Made of DNA
185
New DNA Synthesis Occurs at Replication Forks
191
From DNA to Protein
211
tRNA Molecules Match Amino Acids to Codons
225
The RNA Message Is Decoded on Ribosomes 227 Prebiotic Conditions
235
Chromosomes and Gene Regulation
245
Chromosomes and Gene Regulation
246
The Structure of Eucaryotic Repressors Turn Genes Off and Activators
261
Interphase Chromosomes Contain Both The Expression of Different Genes Can
268
Cells Regulate the Expression of Their Genes 258 Essential Concepts
274
Genetic Variation
277
Genetic Variation in Bacteria 278 Mutation in Bacteria Can Be Selected by
280
Bacterial Genes Can Be Transferred by a The Evolution of Genomes Has Been
296
Genes Can Be Transferred Between Bacteria Can Make Cells Cancerous
302
Membrane Transport
371
Membrane Transport
372
The Ion Concentrations Inside a Cell Are Very Ion Channels Randomly Snap Between Open
388
Active Transport Moves Solutes Against Their Nerve Cells
394
H+ Gradients Are Used to Drive Membrane Inhibitory Inputs
400
Energy Generation in Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
407
Energy Generation in Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
410
Panel 131 Redox potentials
424
Cells Obtain Most of Their Energy by a Metals Tightly Bound to Proteins Form Versatile
425
Electrons Are Transferred Along a Chain Chloroplasts Capture Energy from Sunlight
432
Proton Gradients Produce Most of the Cells ATP 419 Sucrose and Starch
438
Panel 171 The principal stages of M phase mitosis and cytokinesis
443
Intracellular Compartments and Transport
447
Intracellular Compartments and Transport
448
Membranebounded Organelles Evolved
458
Fluid and Macromolecules Are Taken Up
473
Cell Communication
481
Receptors Relay Signals via Intracellular
486
Intracellular Signaling Cascades Act
492
A Ca2+ Signal Triggers Many Biological Processes
499
Protein Kinase Networks Integrate
506
Cytoskeleton
511
Cytoskeleton
512
Growing Microtubules Show Dynamic Instability
520
Act in Filaments
528
During Muscle Contraction Actin Filaments
536
Questions
544
Cell Division
545
The Mitotic Spindle Starts to Assemble
550
The Nuclear Envelope Reforms at Telophase
557
Essential Concepts
565
CellCycle Control and Cell Death
569
The CellCycle Control System
572
Animal Cells Require Signals from Other Cells Cancer Cells Disobey the Social Controls
587
Tissues
591
Panel 191 The cell types and tissues from which higher plants
596
Extracellular Matrix and Connective Tissue Maintenance and Renewal
611
Cytoskeletonlinked Junctions Bind Epithelial Studies in Drosophila Have Given a Key
626
Glossary
629
Answers to Questions
647
Index
1-8
219
1-9
Nuclear Pores 455
1-26
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

Bruce Alberts is the President of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC and Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics at the University of California at San Francisco.

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