By the law of nature: form and value in nineteenth-century America
This provocative study examines nineteenth- and early twentieth-century American writing in conjunction with economic and political developments in order to elucidate conceptions of value and identity in liberal culture. Horwitz explores work by Emerson, Twain, Howells, Norris, Dreiser, and Cather, as well as painting by the Hudson River School, alongside debates about tariffs, laissez-faire policies, stock speculation, corporate trusts, homesteading, and the nature of property and value. These aesthetic performances and public debates typically invoked nature as the ground of value. Horwitz argues that appealing to nature was a central strategy of the liberal tradition in the United States and that literary and other aesthetic artifacts helped evolve the semantic and conceptual field in which historical developments and debates occurred. Interlacing close textual analyses and rigorous historical interpretation, this interdisciplinary work will interest students of American culture and literature.
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Nature as Protean Ground
Natures Nation Of Course
Sublime Possession American Landscape
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1st sess absolute achieved action acts aesthetic Alexandra alienation American antinomian appeal to nature appropriate argued Basil called capital Carey Cather chapter character cognitive Cole Cole's combinatory combinatory logic commodity Cong contracts conventional corporate Cowperwood craft unionism critics culture debate Debs Debs's desire discussion divine Dreiser economic Emerson essay exchange finally formal freedom harmony historical homestead Howells Howells's human hypothecation ideal identity imagination independence individual Jadwin Kant labor land landscape art law of nature Leo Marx liberal Lockean logic Mark Twain Marx McQuade metonymy Mississippi moral Mother Jones natural law natural-rights nature's Norris notion novel objects organic person piloting political practice precisely principle production protectionism protectionist reform relation representation rhetoric river romance self-reliance sense social specific speculation Standard structure sublime synecdoche Thomas Cole tion trade tradition transaction transcendental transcendentalist trust unionism Veblen virtue vision Walter Benn Michaels writes