Polarities of experience: relatedness and self-definition in personality development, psychopathology, and the therapeutic process
In this groundbreaking book, Sidney J. Blatt proposes that psychological development is a lifelong personal negotiation between the two fundamental dimensions of relatedness and self-definition. Psychological development, from youth to old age, is a synergistic balancing act between these two polarities, with most individuals favoring to varying degrees either the anaclitic (relatedness) dimension or the introjective (self-definition) dimension. Exaggerated emphasis on one developmental line at the expense of the other, however, can lead to a variety of mental disorders. Within this framework, mental disorders are seen not as clusters of present or absent symptoms, as in the current DSM diagnostic system, but rather as compensatory exaggerations of the normal polarities of relatedness and self-definition. The author argues that this conceptualization of personality development has clear implications for therapy and describes intriguing research indicating that anaclitic and introjective persons respond differently to psychotherapy. The author applies this model in great detail to the process of therapeutic change, with striking implications for further research. Clinical researchers, therapists, psychiatrists, and graduate students will find this book a rich source of new ideas for research and practice.
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A Fundamental Polarity
Relatedness and SelfDefinition in Personality
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adaptive adolescence American Psychoanalytic Association American Psychological Association anaclitic and introjective anaclitic patients aspects assess attachment style attachment theory Auerbach autonomy Beebe behavior Behrends borderline personality disorder capacity caregiver chapter child clinical Clinical Psychology clitic cognitive cognitive-affective schemas concept Corveleyn defenses dependent depression developmental levels developmental lines developmental process dialectical differentiation dimensions discussed disruptions effective emphasis Erikson experienced incompatibility experiences expressed feelings Fonagy forms of psychopathology formulations Freud fundamental gratifying involvement histrionic personality disorders identified individuals infant integration intense interaction internalization interpersonal relatedness interpersonal relationships intimacy introjective configuration introjective patients Luyten mature ment mental Mongrain mother mother-infant MPRP personality development personality disorders personality organization primary psychoanalytic psychological development psychopathology psychotherapy Quinlan R-YP reciprocal relatedness and self-definition representations response Rorschach S. J. Blatt self-critical self-criticism sense Shahar Shichman social sonal structural TDCRP theory therapeutic change therapeutic process therapeutic relationship therapist therapy thought disorder tion treatment process Zuroff