Women Scientists in America: Struggles and Strategies to 1940

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JHU Press, Jan 1, 1982 - Biography & Autobiography - 439 pages
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In volume one of this landmark study, focusing on developments up to 1940, Margaret Rossiter describes the activities and personalities of the numerous women scientists—astronomers, chemists, biologists, and psychologists—who overcame extraordinary obstacles to contribute to the growth of American science. This remarkable history recounts women's efforts to establish themselves as members of the scientific community and examines the forces that inhibited their active and visible participation in the sciences.

  

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Contents

The Entering Wedge
1
Physics Class at the University of Michigan
10
Maria Mitchell
13
Sarah Whiting and Physics Class at Wellesley College
18
4a Cornelia Clapp and Zoology Class at Mount Holyoke College
21
lnfiltration and Creative Philanthropy
29
Lafayette B Mendel and Graduate Students at Yale University
37
Christine LaddFranklin
39
Emma Perry Carr
148
Florence Bascom
149
Female Scientists 1938
150
Maria GoeppartMayer with Enrico Fermi
155
Protest and Prestige
160
Florence Sabin
186
Ruth Benedict
189
Robert Millikans Letter to Duke University President W p Few
190

lda Hyde
41
Womens Work in Science
51
Womens Work at the Harvard College Observatory
55
Katharine J Bush and Mary Jane Rathbun
59
Plant Pathologists at the U S Department of Agriculture
62
Ellen Swallow Richards
69
A Manly Profession
73
Preliminary Meeting of the American Chemical Society
79
Officers of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
81
Elizabeth Knight Britton
84
Botany Class at Woods Hole Massachusetts
87
The Womens Movement the War and Madame Curie
100
Nora Blatch deforest Campaigning for Suffrage
117
Madame Curie at the White House
123
Growth Containment and Overqualification
129
Agnes Fay Morgan
202
Leta Stetter Hollingworth
207
Libbie Hyman
211
Paper Reforms
218
Alice C Evans
231
Staff of the New York State Department of Health
239
Stoicism
248
Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson
273
Compensatory Recognition
297
Naples Table Association
307
Conclusion
313
Notes
319
Bibliography
399
lndex
417
Copyright

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About the author (1982)

Margaret W. Rossiter is the Marie Underhill Noll Professor of the History of Science at Cornell University and editor of Isis and Osiris. Her book Women Scientists in America: Before Affirmative Action, 1940-1972 is also available from Johns Hopkins.

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