Great Cities in America: Their Problems and Their Government (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Macmillan, 1910 - Cities and towns - 426 pages
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Contents

The great cities in their relation to municipal democracy 12 10 Great cities in their relation to national leadership 13 11 The cities chosen for review
14
WASHINGTON 12 The unique position of the nations capital city
16
How the city was established
20
Forms of municipal organization during the period of selfgovernment 18021871
23
The era of Alexander R Shepherd
27
Congress as a city legislature
29
The commissioners of the District of Columbia
30
The judicial system of the District of Columbia
32
Taxation assessment revenues expenditures and debt
33
Methods of paying for local improvements
37
Police fire and sanitary administration
38
PAGE
43
Alleys tenements and shanties
44
The public schools in Washington
48
Streets parks and plans for improvement
51
Sewerage water supply and other public utilities
56
A national opportunity
60
CHAPTER III
67
The citys early charters
69
Guaranties and inhibitions of the state constitution
75
The control of the city by the state legislature
82
State administrative control in New York
83
The charter of Greater New York
86
The five boroughs
88
The borough presidents
90
Local improvements
92
The shadow of a city council
94
The commission form of government under another name
96
The granting of franchises
98
Rapid transit franchises
101
The executive departments
106
The mayor and his duties
107
The powers and functions of the comptroller
109
The corporation counsel
110
The police department
112
4s The department of water supply gas and electricity
118
The streetcleaning department
120
Control of the citys parks
122
The department of bridges
124
Docks and ferries
129
Public charities and subsidies to private charities
135
The citys penal institutions
138
Activities of the board of health
139
Tenement house supervision
144
The fire service
150
The citys schools
154
The public libraries
158
The citys judiciary
161
The assessment of property for taxation
164
Wealth debt the sinking funds and the tax rate
169
The army of the civil service
175
Reports of official work
177
The future of New York
179
CHAPTER IV
182
The citys early charters
184
The citys drainage sewerage and water supply
221
Taxation revenue and debt of the city
222
Municipal ownership and the citys public utilities
227
Chicagos terminal facilities
237
The citys struggle for a new charter
240
The character and power of the people of Chicago
242
CHAPTER V
244
Philadelphias official claims to respectability
246
What is the matter with Philadelphia?
249
A typical reform movement
254
The gas works
257
The revolt of John Weaver
259
The aftermath of the revolution
262
The street railway settlement
263
The water works another candidate for private operation
269
Philadelphias harbor 273 89 Public health and charities
275
The public schools
279
The constitutional status of the city
286
Councils
287
The mayor 290 94 Organization of the city administration
291
Assessment taxes income expenditures and debt 301 96 An illuminating contrast
305
SAINT LOUIS 97 The discovery of the city of St Louis
308
Constitutional home rule
312
The municipal assembly
316
The mayor and the city administration
318
lot The St Louis Board of Education
324
Public utilities in St Louis
327
The citys finances
331
The Civic League of St Louis
333
Billboard advertising in St Louis
337
Working for a new charter
341
CHAPTER VII
346
Control of the city by the state
349
State control of public utilities in Boston
351
Metropolitan district commissions
357
1n Municipal departments administered by state ap pointees
361
Charter legislation prior to 1909
367
Public schools school buildings and the public library
369
Public baths gymnasia and convenience stations
372
Rapid transit in Boston
373
The department of statistics
375
The finances of the city
376
The spoils system in Boston culminating in the first Fitzgerald administration
381
Nonpartisan elections secured
388
The council under the new charter
390
A new experiment in concentrated responsibility
391
Contracts appropriations and debt
392
The administrative departments
394
The finance commission
396
The problems of Bostons future
400
CHAPTER VIII
402
Artificial checks upon city growth
406
The artificial stimulation of city growth
408
The relation of great cities to concentration of power
410
The relation of great cities to democracy
412

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 75 - It shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide for the organization of cities and incorporated villages, and to restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing money, contracting debts, and loaning their credit, so as to prevent abuses in assessments and in contracting debt by such municipal corporations...
Page 23 - ... would be both too great a public pledge to be left in the hands of a single State and would create so many obstacles to a removal of the government as still further to abridge its necessary independence.
Page 22 - The indispensable necessity of complete authority at the seat of government carries its own evidence with it. It is a power exercised by every legislature of the Union, I might say of the world, by virtue of its general supremacy.
Page 77 - ... any debt hereafter incurred by the city of New York for a public improvement owned or to be owned by the city, which yields to the city current net revenue, after making any necessary allowance for repairs and maintenance for which the city is liable, in excess of the interest on said debt and of the annual...
Page 81 - Appointments and promotions in the civil service of the State, and of all the civil divisions thereof, including cities and villages, shall be made according to merit and fitness to be ascertained, so far as practicable, by examinations, which, so far as practicable, shall be competitive...
Page 81 - But no law shall authorize the construction or operation of a street railroad except upon the condition that the consent of the owners of one-half in value of the property bounded on, and the consent also of the local authorities having the control of that portion of a street or highway upon which it is proposed to construct or operate such railroad be first obtained...
Page 141 - In the presence of great and imminent peril to the public health by reason of impending pestilence...
Page 97 - Of the total of sixteen votes, a controlling number, nine are cast by the Mayor, the Comptroller, and the President of the Board of Aldermen.
Page 99 - Every such grant shall specify the mode of determining any valuation therein provided for, and shall make adequate provision by way of forfeiture of the grant, or otherwise, to secure efficiency of public service at reasonable rates, and the maintenance of the property in good order throughout the term of the grant.
Page 140 - The board of health is hereby authorized and empowered, from time to time, to add to and to alter, amend, or annul any part of the said sanitary code, and may therein publish additional provisions for the security of life and health in the city of New York...

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