Optical properties of metal clusters, Volume 25
Optical Properties of Metal Clusters deals with the electronic structure of metal clusters determined optically. Clusters - as state intermediate between molecules and the extended solid - are important in many areas, e.g. in air pollution, interstellar matter, clay minerals, photography, heterogeneous catalysis, quantum dots, and virus crystals. This book extends the approaches of optical molecular and solid-state methods to clusters, revealing how their optical properties evolve as a function of size. Cluster matter, i.e. extended systems of many clusters - the most frequently occuring form - is also treated. The combination of reviews of experimental techniques, lists of results and detailed descriptions of selected experiments will appeal to experts, newcomers and graduate students in this expanding field.
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absorption approximation atoms band blue shift bulk calculations Chem chemical clus cluster beam cluster matter cluster samples cluster shapes cluster sizes cluster surface coagulation aggregates coalescence colloidal conduction electrons contributions cross sections density dependence dielectric function dipole distribution eeff effective medium electric electromagnetic ellipsoids embedded energy example experimental experiments extinction spectra field filling factors films free clusters frequency geometry glass Hence hydrosol interactions interband transitions interface investigated ionization ions jellium Kreibig large clusters laser Lett light liquid Lorentz-Lorenz material matrix Maxwell Garnett metal clusters methods modes multipoles noble metals nonlinear optical optical properties optical response optical spectra parameter particles photon Phys Physik polaritons polarizability polarization processes quasi-static Raman scattering red shift resonance samples scattering Sect shell shift shown in Fig single clusters small clusters solid spectroscopy spectrum sphere spherical spheroids structure substrate surface plasmon temperature theoretical theory tion topology wavelength Wavelength nm width