Chinese Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, Volume 179
Fan Dainian, Robert S. Cohen
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 30, 1996 - History - 471 pages
The articles in this collection were all selected from the first five volumes of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences between 1979 and 1985. The Journal was established in 1979 as a comprehensive theoretical publication concerning the history, philosophy and sociology of the natural sciences. It began publication as a response to China's reform, particularly the policy of opening to the outside world. Chinese scholars began to undertake distinctive, original research in these fields. This collection provides a cross-section of their efforts during the initial phase.
To enable western scholars to understand the historical process of this change in Chinese academics, Yu Guangyuan's `On the Emancipation of the Mind' and Xu Liangying's `Essay on the Role of Science and Democracy in Society' have been included in this collection.
Three of the papers included on the philosophy of science are discussions of philosophical issues in cosmology and biology by scientists themselves. The remaining four are written by philosophers of science and discuss information and cognition, homeostasis and Chinese traditional medicine, the I Ching (Yi Jing) and mathematics, etc.
Papers have been selected on the history of both classical and modern science and technology, the most distinctive of which are macro-comparisons of the development of science in China and the west. Some papers discuss the issue of the demarcation of periods in the history of science, the history of ancient Chinese mathematics, astronomy, metallurgy, machinery, medicine, etc. Others discuss the history of modern physics and biology, the history of historiography of science in China and the history of regional development of Chinese science and technology.
Also included are biographies of three post-eighteenth-century Chinese scholars, Li Shanlan (1811-1882), Hua Hengfang (1833–1902), and Cai Yuanpei (1868–1940), who contributed greatly to the introduction of western science and scholarship to China. In addition, three short papers have been included introducing the interactions between Chinese scholars and three great western scientists, Niels Bohr, Norbert Wiener, and Robert A. Millikan.
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On the Emancipation of the Mind
Essay on the Role of Science and Democracy in Society
Historical Development of the Chinese Communist Partys Scientific Policy Prior to the Founding of the Peoples Republic
Speeches at the Qingdao Genetics Conference of 1956
The Historical Background and Fundamental Experiences
Concepts of Space and Time in Ancient China and in Modern Cosmology
Information and Feedback in Epistemology
A Philosophical Survey
The Historical Value of the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art in Society and the Economy
Survey of the Past 80 Years
A Comparison of Archimedes and Liu Huis Studies of Circles
The Struggle Between Evolutionary Theory and Creationism in China
Why did Zheng Hes Sea Voyage Fail to Lead the Chinese to Make the Great Geographic Discovery?
The Effect of the Autocratic Monarchy of the Qing Dynasty on Science and Technology
A Preliminary Analysis of Scientific Development and its Causes in Anhui Province during the Ming and Qing Dynasties
Forerunner of Modern Science in China
Past and Present
On the Unity of Biology and Physics
Commenting on Cannons The Wisdom of the Body
The Book of Changes and Mathematics
On the Factors Delaying the Development of Science and Technology in China in Comparison with the West since the 17th Century Part One
Historical Changes in the Structure of Science and Technology Part Two A Commentary
The Problem of Demarcation of Periods in the History of Science
A Brief Account of Chinese Studies of the History of Science and Technology in China
The 50th Anniversary of the Founding of the Chinese Physical Society
A Preliminary Study of the Characteristics of Metallurgical Technology in Ancient China
Liu Huis Theories of Mathematics
Several Revelations from Information Theory
Forerunner and Disseminator of Modern Science in China
Cai Yuanpeis Contributions to Chinas Science
Vicissitudes during the Millenium after its Completion
A Critique of Zhang Hengs Theory of a Spherical Earth
Niels Bohr in China
Millikan and China
Norbert Wiener at Qinghua University
NOTES ON THE CONTRIBUTORS
academic achievements ancient Chinese Anhui astronomy Cai Yuanpei Celestial Sphere century Chen China Chinese mathematics Chinese science concept Confucian copper culture development of science Dialectics of Nature earth equations established evolutionary theory example existence experiment Fan Dainian feudal genetics geometry History of Chinese history of science Hua Hengfang Huizhou hundred schools ideology Institute Jing Journal of Dialectics Kang Xi knowledge Li Shanlan Liu Hui Mao Zedong mathematicians medicine methods Millikan Ming modern science Morganist natural science Nine Chapters Peking Peking University period physics pig iron prime number problems production published Qian Qing dynasty Qingdao Qinghua revolution scholars science and technology scientific theory scientists Shanlan smelting social society Song south-pointing chariot Soviet spherical Suan theoretical Tian tion translated University Wang Western Yuan Zeng Guofan Zhang Zhang Heng Zhao Zheng Zhong Guo Zhou