Chinese Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, Volume 179

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Fan Dainian, Robert S. Cohen
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 30, 1996 - History - 471 pages
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The articles in this collection were all selected from the first five volumes of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences between 1979 and 1985. The Journal was established in 1979 as a comprehensive theoretical publication concerning the history, philosophy and sociology of the natural sciences. It began publication as a response to China's reform, particularly the policy of opening to the outside world. Chinese scholars began to undertake distinctive, original research in these fields. This collection provides a cross-section of their efforts during the initial phase.
To enable western scholars to understand the historical process of this change in Chinese academics, Yu Guangyuan's `On the Emancipation of the Mind' and Xu Liangying's `Essay on the Role of Science and Democracy in Society' have been included in this collection.
Three of the papers included on the philosophy of science are discussions of philosophical issues in cosmology and biology by scientists themselves. The remaining four are written by philosophers of science and discuss information and cognition, homeostasis and Chinese traditional medicine, the I Ching (Yi Jing) and mathematics, etc.
Papers have been selected on the history of both classical and modern science and technology, the most distinctive of which are macro-comparisons of the development of science in China and the west. Some papers discuss the issue of the demarcation of periods in the history of science, the history of ancient Chinese mathematics, astronomy, metallurgy, machinery, medicine, etc. Others discuss the history of modern physics and biology, the history of historiography of science in China and the history of regional development of Chinese science and technology.
Also included are biographies of three post-eighteenth-century Chinese scholars, Li Shanlan (1811-1882), Hua Hengfang (1833–1902), and Cai Yuanpei (1868–1940), who contributed greatly to the introduction of western science and scholarship to China. In addition, three short papers have been included introducing the interactions between Chinese scholars and three great western scientists, Niels Bohr, Norbert Wiener, and Robert A. Millikan.
  

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Contents

On the Emancipation of the Mind
1
Essay on the Role of Science and Democracy in Society
5
Historical Development of the Chinese Communist Partys Scientific Policy Prior to the Founding of the Peoples Republic
13
Speeches at the Qingdao Genetics Conference of 1956
27
The Historical Background and Fundamental Experiences
41
Concepts of Space and Time in Ancient China and in Modern Cosmology
55
Information and Feedback in Epistemology
61
A Philosophical Survey
77
The Historical Value of the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art in Society and the Economy
261
Survey of the Past 80 Years
267
A Comparison of Archimedes and Liu Huis Studies of Circles
279
The Struggle Between Evolutionary Theory and Creationism in China
289
Why did Zheng Hes Sea Voyage Fail to Lead the Chinese to Make the Great Geographic Discovery?
303
The Effect of the Autocratic Monarchy of the Qing Dynasty on Science and Technology
315
A Preliminary Analysis of Scientific Development and its Causes in Anhui Province during the Ming and Qing Dynasties
327
Forerunner of Modern Science in China
345

Past and Present
95
On the Unity of Biology and Physics
103
Commenting on Cannons The Wisdom of the Body
115
The Book of Changes and Mathematics
125
On the Factors Delaying the Development of Science and Technology in China in Comparison with the West since the 17th Century Part One
137
Historical Changes in the Structure of Science and Technology Part Two A Commentary
165
The Problem of Demarcation of Periods in the History of Science
185
A Brief Account of Chinese Studies of the History of Science and Technology in China
199
The 50th Anniversary of the Founding of the Chinese Physical Society
207
A Preliminary Study of the Characteristics of Metallurgical Technology in Ancient China
219
Liu Huis Theories of Mathematics
243
Several Revelations from Information Theory
255
Forerunner and Disseminator of Modern Science in China
369
Cai Yuanpeis Contributions to Chinas Science
395
Vicissitudes during the Millenium after its Completion
419
A Critique of Zhang Hengs Theory of a Spherical Earth
427
Niels Bohr in China
433
Millikan and China
439
Norbert Wiener at Qinghua University
447
NOTES ON THE CONTRIBUTORS
453
INDEX OF NONCHINESE NAMES
459
INDEX OF CHINESE NAMES
463
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