CRC Press, Nov 29, 2000 - Mathematics - 645 pages
Medical Biostatistics comprehensively explains biostatistical concepts and methods in an easy-to-understand nonmathematical language with the help of many real-life examples, data sets, and figures. This is an ideal self-study guide for medical and health practitioners, including those taking membership examinations for professional bodies, and students in elementary and middle-level biostatistics courses!

Utilizing medical situations that emphasize biostatistical methods, this concise reference encapsulates the principal concepts and methods of biostatistics. It details the critical stages of planning, conducting, and interpreting data from health investigations in clinical, laboratory, or field settings, that promote reliable results from conceptualization to conclusion.

Containing over 500 references to the literature, equations, tables, drawings, as well as lists of notations, an extensive index of terms, and a summary of methods, Medical Biostatistics is a practical reference for biostatisticians and other applied statisticians, epidemiologists, medical and health practitioners and researchers, nursing and clinical professionals, nutritionists and medical technicians. It also forms an outstanding text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

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Contents

 Medical Uncertainties 1 11 UNCERTAINTIES IN HEALTH AND DISEASE 3 12 UNCERTAINTIES IN MEDICAL RESEARCH 10 13 UNCERTAINTIES IN HEALTH PLANNING AND EVALUATION 16 14 MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTIESABOUT THIS BOOK 23 Architecture of Medical Studies Designs to Control Uncertainties 29 21 TYPES OF STUDIES AND THEIR DESIGNS 30 22 OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES 36
 81 SAMPLING DISTRIBUTIONS 274 82 CONFIDENCE INTERVALS 285 83 PVALUES AND STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE 299 84 A DEBATE ON STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE 310 85 SAMPLE SIZE DETERMINATION IN SOME CASES 314 Inference from Proportions 327 91 ONE QUALITATIVE VARIABLE 328 92 PROPORTIONS IN 2 x 2 TABLES 341

 23 EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES 48 Architecture of Medical Studies Sampling and Data Collection 65 31 SAMPLING CONCEPTS 66 32 METHODS OF RANDOM SAMPLING 70 33 DATA COLLECTION 79 34 SOME EXAMPLES OF SAMPLE SURVEYS 87 Numerical Methods to Represent Variation 97 42 TABULAR PRESENTATION 106 43 RATES AND RATIOS 110 44 CENTRAL AND OTHER LOCATIONS 112 45 MEASURING VARIABILITY 122 Presentation of Variation by Figures 129 51 FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION 130 52 PIE BAR AND LINE DIAGRAMS 134 53 SPECIAL DIAGRAMS IN HEALTH AND MEDICINE 146 54 CHARTS AND MAPS 153 Quantitative Aspects of Medical Decisions 163 61 MEASUREMENT OF SOME ASPECTS OF HEALTH AND DISEASE 164 62 REFERENCE VALUES 180 63 MEASUREMENT OF UNCERTAINTYPROBABILITY 188 64 VALIDITY OF MEDICAL TESTS 198 65 RISKS AND BENEFITS OF MEDICAL INTERVENTION 211 Measurement of Community Health and Survival Analysis 219 71 INDICATORS OF MORTALITY 220 72 SURVIVAL 232 73 MEASURES OF MORBIDITY 246 74 INDICATORS OF SOCIAL AND MENTAL HEALTH 257 75 COMPOSITE INDICES OF HEALTH 266 Confidence Intervals and Principles of Tests of Significance 273
 93 RELATIVE AND ATTRIBUTABLE RISKS AND ODDS RATIO LARGE n 354 94 ANALYSIS OF R x C TABLES LARGE n 376 95 THREEWAY TABLES 383 Inference from Means 393 101 COMPARISON OF MEANS IN ONE AND TWO GROUPS GAUSSIAN CONDITIONSSTUDENTS tTEST 394 102 COMPARISON OF MEANS IN THREE OR MORE GROUPS GAUSSIAN CONDITIONSANOVA FTEST 405 103 NONGAUSSIAN CONDITIONSNONPARAMETRIC TESTS FOR LOCATION 425 104 WHEN SIGNIFICANT IS NOT SIGNIFICANT 438 Relationship and Agreement 453 111 SOME GENERAL FEATURES OF A REGRESSION SETUP 455 112 BINARY DEPENDENTLOGISTIC REGRESSION LARGE n 464 113 RELATIONSHIP IN QUANTITATIVE VARIABLESREGRESSION 475 114 MEASURING THE STRENGTH OF A RELATIONSHIP 487 115 ASSESSMENT OF AGREEMENT 502 Simultaneous Consideration of Several Variables 513 121 DEPENDENT AND INDEPENDENT SETS OF VARIABLES 517 122 IDENTIFICATION OF STRUCTURE IN THE OBSERVATIONS 531 Quality Considerations 545 131 STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL IN MEDICAL CARE 546 132 QUALITY OF MEASUREMENTS 558 Statistical Fallacies 571 141 PROBLEMS WITH THE SAMPLE 572 142 ERRORS IN PRESENTATION OF FINDINGS 583 143 INADEQUATE ANALYSIS 590 144 MISINTERPRETATION 596 Statistical Software 607 Some Statistical Tables 611 Index 617 Copyright