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abolition of slavery abolitionists admission admitted adopted amendment appointed Articles of Confederation authority bill citizens clause committee compromise confederacy Confederation Congress assembled Connecticut considered Constitution Convention court danger debate declared delegated District of Columbia duty elected equal established exclusive executive exercise existence favor federacy federal foreign gentlemen Georgia gress happiness honor House human importation of slaves inhabitants interest Jersey plan justice labor land legislation legislature liberty Madison Maryland Massachusetts ment Mezzotint Missouri Missouri compromise mulatto necessary negroes North object Ohio opinion ordinance Ordinance of 1787 party passed patriotism peace Pennsylvania person petitions Pinckney political present President principle prohibited proper question regulations representation representatives republican resolution Resolved respect restriction secure Senate slaveholding South Carolina Southern spirit stitution subject of slavery taxes territory thereof tion treaty Union United Virginia vote whole Wilmot proviso
Page 184 - Government as resulting from the compact to which the states are parties, as limited by the plain sense and intention of the instrument constituting that compact; as no further valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in that compact; and that, in case of a deliberate, palpable, and dangerous exercise of other powers not granted by the said compact, the states, who are parties thereto, have the right and are in duty bound to interpose for arresting the progress of the evil, and for...
Page 443 - Union, a government for the whole is indispensable. No alliances however strict between the parts can be an adequate substitute. They must inevitably experience the infractions and interruptions which all alliances in all times have experienced. Sensible of this momentous truth, you have improved upon your first essay by the adoption of a constitution of government better calculated than your former for an intimate Union, and for the efficacious management of your common concerns.
Page 41 - ... the United States in Congress assembled. The United States in Congress assembled shall never engage in a war; nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of peace; nor enter into any treaties or alliances; nor coin money, nor...
Page 445 - Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party generally. This spirit, unfortunately, is inseparable from our nature, having its root in the strongest passions of the human mind. It exists under different shapes in all governments, more or less stifled, controlled, or repressed; but in those of the popular form it is seen in its greatest rankness and is truly their worst enemy.
Page 110 - It is obviously impracticable, in the Federal Government of these States, to secure all rights of independent sovereignty to each, and yet provide for the interest and safety of all. Individuals entering into society must give up a share of liberty to preserve the rest.
Page 42 - And the Articles of this Confederation shall be inviolably observed by every State, and the Union shall be perpetual ; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them, unless such alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the Legislatures of every State.
Page 111 - American, the consolidation of our Union, in which is involved our prosperity, felicity, safety, perhaps our national existence. This important consideration, seriously and deeply impressed on our minds, led each state in the Convention to be less rigid on points of inferior magnitude, than might have been otherwise expected ; and thus the Constitution, which we now present, is the result of a spirit of amity, and of that mutual deference and concession which the peculiarity of our political situation...
Page 193 - In questions of power, then, let no more be said of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution.
Page 438 - ... every day the increasing weight of years admonishes me more and more that the shade of retirement is as necessary to me as it will be welcome. Satisfied that if any circumstances have given peculiar value to my services, they were temporary, I have the consolation to believe, that while choice and prudence invite me to quit the political scene, patriotism does not forbid it.