Policing Soviet Society: The Evolution of State Control

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Psychology Press, 1996 - Political Science - 269 pages
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Since its creation immediately after the Russian revolution, the militia has had a broad range of social, political and economic functions necessary to direct and control a highly centralized socialist state.However, as the communst party lost its legitimacy the militia was increasingly thrust into the front line of political conflict.A task it was unsuited to perform.Despite the efforts of perestroika to reform it, the collapse of the Soviet state also led to the collapse of morale within the militia.
Louise Shelley provides a comprehensive view of the history, development, functions, personnel and operations of the militia from its inception until after the demise of the Soviet state.The militia combined elements of continental, socialist and colonial policing.Its functions and operations changed with the development of the state, yet it always intervened significantly in citizen's lives and citizens were very much involved in their own control.Over time the militia became more removed from politics and more concerned with crime control, but it always remained a tool of the party.
This is the first book to analyze the militia, which was one of the most vital elements of control within the Soviet State.It will be a crucial aid to understanding the authoritarianism of the communist system and its legacy for Russia and the successor states.
Louise I.Shelley is Professor at the Department of Justice, Law and Society and the School of International Service at the American University, Washington D.C.
  

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Contents

The sources of Soviet policing
3
The historical development of the militia
17
The formation of the militia
19
The postStalinist militia
38
Structure and personnel of the militia
61
The organization and management of Soviet policing
63
Allocation recruitment and training of militia personnel
83
Soviet militia operations
107
Policing the deviant social workers with sticks
143
The militia and crime control
162
The political functions of the militia
178
Conclusion
193
Appendix
202
Glossary
208
Notes
212
Bibliography
255

Militia Operations
109
The militia and daily life
128

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About the author (1996)

Louise I. Shelley is University Professor at the School of Public Policy, George Mason University. She founded and directs the Terrorism, Transnational Crime, and Corruption Center (TraCCC). She is the recipient of Guggenheim, National Endowment of the Humanities, IREX, Kennan Institute, and Fulbright fellowships, and she has received MacArthur grants to establish the Russian Organized Crime Study Center and to study the role of illicit actors in nuclear smuggling. Her previous books include Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and Policing Soviet Society (1996). She has written extensively on transnational crime, illicit trade, and money laundering and has testified before the House Committee on International Relations, the Helsinki Commission, the House Banking Committee, and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on transnational crime, human trafficking, and the links among transnational crime, financial crime, and terrorism. She serves on the Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade and Organized Crime for the World Economic Forum (WEF) and was the first cochair of its Council on Organized Crime. Professor Shelley presently cochairs a group on human trafficking within the Global Agenda Councils of the WEF. She is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

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