Plant Responses to Air Pollution and Global Change (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Kenji Omasa, Isamu Nouchi, Luit J. De Kok
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 26, 2007 - Science - 300 pages
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The main force behind climate change is the elevated concentration of CO2 in the at mosphere. Carbon dioxide and air pollutants come mostly from the same industrial sources and diffuse globally, so that air pollution is also part of global change in the pre sent era. The impacts on plants and plant ecosystems have complex interrelationships and lead to global change in a circular manner as changes in land cover and atmospheric and soil environments. Plant metabolism of CO2 and air pollutants and their gas fluxes in plant ecosystems influence the global gaseous cycles as well as the impacts on plants. The 6th International Symposium on Plant Responses to Air Pollution and Global Changes was held at the Tsukuba Center for Institutes and Epochal Tsukuba, in Tsukuba, Japan, October 19-22, 2004. The aim of the symposium series is to bring together scien tists of various disciplines who are actively involved in research on responses of plant metabolism to air pollution and global change. The previous symposia were held in Ox ford, UK, 1982 (1st), in Munich, Germany, 1987 (2nd), in Blacksburg, USA, 1992 (3rd), in Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands, 1997 (4th), and in Pulawy, Poland, 2001 (5th).
  

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Contents

I Plant Responses to Air Pollution
2
Metabolism of atmospheric sulfur gases in onion
3
Impact of atmospheric NH3 deposition on plant growth and functioning a case study with Brassica oleracea L
12
How sensitive are forest trees to ozone? New research on an old issue
21
Northern conditions enhance the susceptibility of birch Betula pendula Roth to oxidative stress caused by ozone
29
Physiological responses of trees to air pollutants at high elevation sites
37
Complex assessment of forest condition under air pollution impacts
45
Evaluation of the ozonerelated risk for Austrian forests
52
Specificity of diatom Rubisco
157
Regulation of C02 fixation in nonsulfur purple photosynthetic bacteria
165
V Experimental Ecosystem and Climate Change Research
170
lessons from the Biosphere 2 Laboratory 19962003
173
Importance of air movement for promoting gas and heat exchanges between plants and atmosphere under controlled environments
185
Pros and cons of C02 springs as experimental sites
194
VI Global Carbon Cycles in Ecosystem and Assessment of Climate Change Impacts
203
Recent progress from multiscale measurements and modeling in AmeriFlux
205

Causes of differences in response of plant species to nitrogen supply and the ecological consequences
63
II Plant Responses to Climate Change
71
Longterm effects of elevated C02 on sour orange trees
72
impacts and adaptation
81
Effects of elevated carbon dioxide concentration on wood structure and formation in trees
89
and Climate Change
98
Carbon dioxide and ozone affect needle nitrogen and abscission in Pinus ponderosa
99
Effects of air pollution and climate change on forests of the Tatra Mountains Central Europe
111
IV Genetics and Molecular Biology for Functioning Improvement
122
MAPK signalling and plant cell survival in response to oxidative environmental stress
125
Expression of cyanobacterial ictB in higher plants enhanced photosynthesis and growth
133
Improvement of photosynthesis in higher plants
140
Modification of C02 fixation of photosynthetic prokaryote
149
Synthetic analysis of the C02 fluxes at various forests in East Asia
214
3D remote sensing of woody canopy height and carbon stocks by helicopterborne scanning lidar
227
Assessments of climate change impacts on the terrestrial ecosystem in Japan using the Bio Geographical and GeoChemical BGGC Model
235
VII Air Pollution and Global Change in Asia
241
Establishing critical levels of air pollutants for protecting East Asian vegetation A challenge
242
Major activities of acid deposition monitoring network in East Asia EANET and related studies
251
Land degradation and blownsand disaster in China
261
Impact of meteorological fields and surface conditions on Asian dust
270
A case study on combating desertification at a small watershed in the hillsgully area of loess plateau China
277
A recipe for sustainable agriculture in drylands
285
Index
295
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