Laggards in Our Schools: A Study of Retardation and Elimination in City School Systems (Google eBook)

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Charities publication committee, 1909 - Children with disabilities - 236 pages
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Page 9 - At least 25 out of 100 children of the white population of our country who enter school stay only long enough to learn to read simple English, write such words as they commonly use, and perform the four operations for integers without serious errors. A fifth of the children (white) entering city schools stay only to the fifth grade.
Page 103 - They are beaten men from ) beaten races ; representing the worst failures in the struggle ) for existence. Centuries are against them, as centuries were on the side of those who formerly came to us.
Page 195 - At the beginning of the year they are five months (one-half the school year) behind those in the sixth grade. After two or three months grade B is able to recite with the sixth grade, and at the end of the year both divisions have completed one-half the course of study — the one in two years, and the other in three years. The plan for the last half of the course is the same as for the first half, the grades being known as the seventh, eighth, and ninth in the one case, and as C and D in the other....
Page 194 - The course of study is divided in two ways: (1) into six sections; (2) into four sections ; each section covering a year's work. Pupils taking the course in six years are classified in six grades, called the fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth grades. Those taking it in four years are classified in four grades, called grades A, B, C, and D. When pupils ^ 1 1 I W & U) are promoted to the grammar schools they begin the first year's work together.
Page 195 - After two or three months they are separated into two divisions. One division advances more rapidly than the other, and during the year completes one-fourth of the whole course of study. The other division completes one-sixth of the course. During the second year the pupils in grade B are in the same room with the sixth grade.
Page 195 - Any pupil who has completed one-half the course in two years may at the end of that time he transferred to the seventh grade, and finish the course in three years; (2) any pupil who has completed one-half the course in three years may at the end of that time be transferred to grade C, and finish the course in two years. In both cases these changes can be made without omitting or repeating...
Page 220 - Under our present system there are large numbers of children who are destined to live lives of failure. We know them in the schools as the children who are always a little behind physically, a little behind intellectually and a little behind in the power to do. Such a child is the one who is always 'it' in the competitive games of childhood.
Page 75 - First grade Second grade Third grade Fourth grade Fifth grade Sixth grade Seventh grade...
Page 189 - Pupils are required, in all cases of absence, to bring, on their return to school, an excuse in writing from their parents or guardians assigning good and sufficient reasons for such absence.
Page 9 - I confess that it startles me to find that certainly not more than two fifths and undoubtedly not more than one third of the children who enter our elementary schools ever finish them, and that not one half of them go beyond the fifth or sixth grade.

References from web pages

JSTOR: Laggards in Our Schools: A Study of Retardation and ...
Laggards in Our Schools: A Study of Retardation and Elimination in City School Systems. By LEONARD P. AYRES. New York: Charities Publication Co., Igo9. ...
links.jstor.org/ sici?sici=0036-6773(191004)18%3A4%3C281%3ALIOSAS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-6

From Whence Came Mental Retardation? Asking Why While Saying Goodbye
Laggards in our schools: A study of retardation and elimination in city school systems. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Cornman, O. (1908). ...
aaidd.allenpress.com/ aamronline/ ?request=get-document& doi=10.1352%2F1934-9556(2007)45%5B132:FWCMRA%5D2.0.CO%3B2

Historical Introduction to Leonard P. Ayres’ A Measuring Scale for ...
Historical Introduction to Leonard P. Ayres’. A Measuring Scale for Ability in Spelling (1915). (Prepared by Donald L. Potter from materials ...
www.donpotter.net/ PDF/ Ayres'%20Historical%20Introduction.pdf

Internet Archive Search: creator:"Ayres, Leonard Porter, 1879-1946"
Laggards in our schools : a study of retardation and elimination in city school systems - Ayres, Leonard Porter, 1879-1946 26 Keywords: Exceptional children ...
www.archive.org/ search.php?query=creator%3A%22Ayres%2C%20Leonard%20Porter%2C%201879-1946%22

Revisiting the Myth of the Texas Miracle in Education: Lessons ...
Revisiting the Myth of the Texas Miracle in Education: Lessons about. Dropout Research and Dropout Prevention. Walt Haney. Lynch School of Education ...
skirsch.com/ politics/ education/ RevisitingTXMyth.pdf

4.1 A Simplistic Tool for a Lethal Phenomenon The twentieth ...
Ayres, L. (1909) Laggards in our Schools: A Study of Retardation and Elimination in City Schools. Systems. New York: Charities Publication Committee. ...
repositorium.sdum.uminho.pt/ dspace/ bitstream/ 1822/ 7054/ 13/ 13%20Chapter%204%20Minho%20Final.pdf

NASSP Bulletin
http://bul.sagepub.com. NASSP Bulletin. DOI: 10.1177/019263657505939316. 1975; 59; 83. NASSP Bulletin. Charles Litz and Howard Kittleson ...
bul.sagepub.com/ cgi/ reprint/ 59/ 393/ 83.pdf

The Education Pipeline in the United States 1970–2000
Walt Haney. George Madaus. Lisa Abrams. Anne Wheelock. Jing Miao. Ileana Gruia. January. 2004. The Education Pipeline. in the United States. 1970–2000 ...
www.bc.edu/ research/ nbetpp/ statements/ nbr3.pdf

ABSTRACT JAILALL, JULIE. Examining the perceived effects of ...
ABSTRACT. JAILALL, JULIE. Examining the perceived effects of kindergarten retention on. students’ school performance: How students fare three years later in ...
www.lib.ncsu.edu/ pubweb/ www/ ETD-db/ web_root/ collection/ available/ etd-03202006-224506/ unrestricted/ etd.pdf

O Currículo
Ayres, L. (1909) Laggards in our schools: a study of retardation and elimination in city school systems. New. York: Charities Publication Committee. ...
edrev.asu.edu/ reviews/ revp36.pdf

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