Meteorites: Messengers from Spacce

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 17, 1995 - Science - 231 pages
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Meteorites - as well as shooting stars and meteors - result from a collision of a solid body from space with our Earth, but only meteorites are able to penetrate the Earth's protective shield, the atmosphere, and fall to the Earth's surface. Before the return of lunar samples, they were the only materials from beyond the Earth which we could take in hand and study.
This book gives a concise and up-to-date description of meteorites - fall phenomena, chemical and mineral composition, classification - as well as a discussion of their formation and origin, which also tells us the story of the formation of our Planetary System. The text is understandable for laymen and students, but can also be used as an introduction to the field for students and scientists.
  

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Contents

Fall Phenomena
5
12 Sound Phenomena
16
13 The Main Meteorite Groups
18
14 Effects on Landing
19
15 Meteorite Showers
24
16 Hypervelocity Impacts
29
162 Shock Effects
42
163 The Ries Crater
46
25123 Aubrites
134
25124 Ureilites
135
252 Iron Meteorites
136
253 Stony Iron Meteorites
149
2532 Mesosiderites
151
26 The Chemical Significance of Meteorites
152
27 The Cosmic Abundance of the Elements
157
28 Isotope Anomalies
164

164 Probable Meteorite Craters
51
165 Meteoritic Indicator Elements
53
166 The Tunguska Event
55
167 Tektites
58
168 Impacts and the History of the Planets
62
169 EarthApproaching Asteroids
64
17 Number and Distribution of Meteorite Falls
66
172 Geographic Distribution
68
173 Times of Fall
75
174 The Dangers of Descending Meteorites
79
18 The History of Meteoritics
81
19 Observations of Importance for a Meteorite Fall
89
110 How Can a Meteorite Be Recognized?
92
The Meteorites
97
22 The Size of Meteorites
100
23 The Shape of Meteorites
107
24 Surface Characteristics
110
25 Mineralogy and Classification of Meteorites
112
251 Stone Meteorites
113
25111 Ordinary Chondrites
121
25112 Enstatite Chondrites
125
25113 Carbonaceous Chondrites
126
2512 Achondrites
131
25122 SNC Meteorites
133
29 Organic Compounds
166
The Origin and Formation of Meteorites
169
311 Formation Age
172
312 Cosmic Ray Exposure Ages
175
313 Terrestrial Ages
178
32 The Origin of Meteorites
180
321 Asteroids
182
322 Meteorites from Mars and the Moon
185
33 The Formation of Chondrites
187
332 Condensation and CaAlRich Inclusions
188
333 The Origin of Chondrules
190
334 Matrix
193
34 Planetesimals and the Formation of Achondrites
194
35 Regolith Primordial Rare Gases and the Solar Wind
196
36 The Planets
198
37 Conclusions
199
Appendix
203
42 Exchange Value of Meteorites
207
43 Etching of Iron Meteorites
210
45 Meteorite Falls from 1985 Through 1992
211
46 Literature
217
47 Composition of Meteorites and the Earths Crust
220
5 Subject Index
223
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Page 218 - Buchwald, VF 1975: Handbook of iron meteorites, their history, distribution, composition and structure.

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