Iceland - Modern Processes and Past Environments (Google eBook)

Front Cover
C. Caseldine, A. Russell, J. Hardardóttir, O. Knudsen
Elsevier, Apr 28, 2005 - Science - 420 pages
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Iceland provides an unique stage on which to study the natural environment, both past and present, and it is understanding both aspects of reconstructing the past and observing and interpreting the present that form the focus of the contributions to this volume.



The papers are all written by active researchers and incorporate both reviews and new data. Although concentrating largely on the recent Quaternary timescale a wide range of topics is explored including subglacial volcanism, onshore and offshore evidence for the Last Glacial Maximum and subsequent deglaciation, current glacial characteristics including jökulhlaups and glacial landsystems, soil development, Holocene ecosystem change, current oceanography, impacts of volcanic sulphur loading, chemical weathering and the CO2 budget and documentary evidence for historical climate.



The key element of the volume is that for the first time it provides a wide overview of a range of topics for which Iceland provides an almost unparalleled laboratory emphasizing the importance of research on this small island for studies over a much broader global scale. These reviews point the way to future research directions and are supplemented by extensive illustrations and a comprehensive bibliography.

* Wide range of related topics covered both from a present day and quaternary perspective
* Reviews from scientists active in each research area across a range of subjects providing both overviews and new data supplemented by an extensive bibliography
* Extensive illustrations and examples from the field

  

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Contents

an introduction
1
a review
5
new aspects of the Weichselian deglaciation of Iceland
25
Chapter 4 Recent developments in oceanographic research in Icelandic waters
79
Chapter 5 The glaciermarginal landsystems of Iceland
93
Chapter 6 Subglacial volcanic activity in Iceland
127
Chapter 7 Icelandic jökulhlaup impacts
153
Chapter 8 Environmental and climatic effects from atmospheric SO2 massloading by Icelandic flood lava eruptions
205
Chapter 10 Variations of termini of glaciers in Iceland in recent centuries and their connection with climate
241
a selection of climatic observations in Iceland
257
Chapter 12 Chemical weathering chemical denudation and the CO2 budget for Iceland
289
Chapter 13 Icelandic soils
309
Chapter 14 The Holocene vegetation history of Iceland stateoftheart and future research
319
References
335
Colour Supplement Index
399
Copyright

Chapter 9 Holocene glacier history
221

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