Deep-Sea Biology: A Natural History of Organisms at the Deep-Sea Floor
This timely volume provides a comprehensive account of the natural history of the organisms associated with the deep-sea floor and examines their relationship with this inhospitable environment--perhaps the most remote and least accessible location on the planet. The authors begin by describing the physical and chemical nature of the deep-sea floor and the methods used to collect and study its fauna. Then they discuss the ecology of the deep sea by exploring spatial patterns, diversity, biomass, vertical zonation, and large-scale distribution of organisms. Subsequent chapters review current knowledge of feeding, respiration, reproduction, and growth processes in these communities. The unique fauna of hypothermal vents and seeps are considered separately. Finally, there is a pertinent discussion of human exploitation of deep-sea resources and potential use of this environment for waste disposal.
abundant abyssal plain activity amongst amphipods animals associated bacteria barophilic basins bathyal benthic benthic boundary benthopelagic benthos biological biomass bioturbation bivalves bottom box-cores brittle stars burrows C. R. Smith carbon Chapter continental slope crustaceans deep ocean deep-sea bed deep-sea floor deep-sea sediments densities deposit feeders Desbruyeres distribution diversity dredge echinoderms ecology environment epibenthic faecal fauna feeding fish Foraminifera forms Gage gastropods Gooday gradient Grassle growth habitat Haedrich Hessler holothurian hydrothermal vents invertebrates Jannasch Jumars km depth larvae layer Maciolek macrofauna marine megafauna meiofauna microbial motile N.E. Atlantic nodules number of species occur Oceanographic organic matter oxygen Pacific particles pattern pelagic plankton polychaetes populations Porcupine Seabight predation protobranch reproductive result Rockall Trough samples scavenging seabed photographs seasonal sediment surface shallow water shallow-water shell Sibuet similar structure studies submersible suggest taxa trawl trenches tubes vertical worms xenophyophores zone