Scientific basis for nuclear waste management XXII: symposium held November 30-December 4, 1998, Boston, Massachusetts
Safe and effective management of nuclear waste provides a broad range of challenges for materials science. Waste processing, waste form and engineered barrier properties, interactions between engineered and geological systems, radiation effects, chemistry and transport of waste species, and long-term predictions of repository performance are just some of the scientific problems facing modern society. This book, the 22nd in a very successful series from MRS, offers an international and inter-disciplinary perspective on the issues, and features developments in both fundamental and applied areas. Topics include: development and characterization of ceramic waste forms; ceramic waste form corrosion; glass waste form processing; glass formulation, properties and structure; glass waste form corrosion; spent nuclear fuel; performance assessment; repository backfill; flow and transport; natural analogues; container corrosion; metal waste form corrosion; radionuclide speciation and solubility; radionuclide sorption; microbial effects; radiation effects; cement waste forms and waste treatment.
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Fundamental and Technological Aspects of Actinide Oxide
Thermochemistry of HfZirconolite CaHfTi207
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acid actinide Alloy analysis aqueous backfill Basis for Nuclear bentonite calcite calculated carbon ceramic cerium chemical cladding coefficient colloid composition concentration containing corrosion rate crevice crystalline crystals decrease density determined diffusion dissolution rate dissolved effect electron energy equation experimental experiments factor Figure formation fraction fracture frit grain boundaries groundwater heat increase initial layer leaching material matrix measured melt melter metal metamict minerals National Laboratory Nuclear Waste Nuclear Waste Management observed oxide parameters particles performed perovskite phase plutonium pore porosity potential precipitation Proc pyrochlore radioactive waste radionuclides ratio reaction release repository rock samples saturation schoepite Scientific Basis shows silica simulated smectite solid solutions solubility sorption species spent fuel structure surface Synroc Table temperature uraninite uranium uranophane values vitrification volume waste form waste glass Waste Management waste package Yucca Mountain zeolite zirconolite