Controversies in Minority Voting: The Voting Rights Act in Perspective (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Bernard Grofman, Chandler Davidson
Brookings Institution Press - Law - 376 pages
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Widely regarded as one of the most successful pieces of modern legislation, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 has transformed the nature of minority participation and representation in the United States. But with success came controversy as some scholars claim the Act has outlived its usefulness or been subverted in its aim. This volume brings together leading scholars to offer a twenty-five year perspective on the consequences of this landmark act. The Fifteenth Amendment, ratified in 1870, stated that the right of U.S. citizens to vote " shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or condition of previous servitude." The South, however, virtually ignored this right, disfranchising blacks through violence, intimidation, literacy tests, and poll taxes. The primary purpose of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was to break down these barriers to minority voting. Beginning with chapters covering the key provisions of the Act, the book discusses the way the Act has transformed American politics and looks at the role played by major civil rights groups in lobbying for extensions and amendments to it and in insuring that its provisions would be enforced.
  

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Pages 138-141

Contents

A Brief History
7
Section 5 Enforcement and the Department of Justice
52
The 1982 Amendments of Section 2 and Minority Representation
66
The 1982 Amendments and the Voting Rights Paradox
85
SOCIAL SCIENCE PERSPECTIVES ON THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT
115
Party Politics in the Wake of the Voting Rights Act
117
The Voting Rights Act and the Two Reconstructions
135
Voting Rights and the American Regulatory State
177
Comments
278
Where Do We Go From Here?
283
Some Consequences of the Voting Rights Act
292
CaseSpecific Implementation of the Voting Rights Act
296
What is the Best Route to a ColorBlind Society?
300
THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT
319
CONTRIBUTORS
339
REFERENCES
341

Expert Witness Testimony and the Evolution of Voting Rights Case Law
197
Litigation Lobbying and the Voting Rights Bar
230
THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT AND THE CONCEPT OF VOTING RIGHTS
259
Toward a ColorBlind Society?
261

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Page 18 - test or device" shall mean any requirement that a person as a prerequisite for voting or registration for voting (1) demonstrate the ability to read, write, understand, or interpret any matter, (2) demonstrate any educational achievement or his knowledge of any particular subject, (3) possess good moral character, or (4) prove his qualifications by the voucher of registered voters or members of any other class.

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