Environmental Tax Reform and the Labour Market: The Double Dividend in Different Labour Market Regimes
'This is an excellent study which is to-the-point, well-argued and topical. The book addresses important issues for fiscal policy and mitigation of climate change, and complements other studies in the area, in that it emphasises the importance of assumptions about the workings of the labour market. This is a significant contribution to the literature.'
- Terry Barker, University of Cambridge, UK
'This book relates to two lines of current research on environmental taxation: the renewed interest in environmental tax reform stimulated by the issue of sustainable development and the recently discovered link to employment policy and its relationship to different labour market regimes. As such, it is a very useful source for judging the arguments that have evolved over the past decade in the context of environmental tax reform. Because of the comprehensive approach that emphasises different theoretical perspectives and the importance of empirical modelling work, the book is a valuable contribution to the double dividend debate. of particular value is the excellent presentation of the role of different labour market regimes which contains substantial innovative material.'
- Stefan P. Schleicher, University of Graz, Austria
During the past decade the issue of a general welfare double dividend (an improvement in environmental quality combined with a positive welfare effect) triggered by a tax shift from labour to energy resources has been extensively debated. In this book, Kurt Kratena studies the employment effects of revenue neutral tax shifts from labour to energy, and measures the impact on theoretical and empirical models of the European labour market.
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Theoretical assessment of different labour market regimes
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Barker and Gardiner Bovenberg Cambridge Econometrics capital stock carbon tax cent ceteris paribus CGE models changes CO2 emissions common model framework compensation competitive model Conrad and Schmidt cost function countries decrease demand equation derived different labour market double dividend effects E3ME economy effect of environmental efficiency wage model elasticity emission reduction empirical employment double dividend employment impact employment tax energy demand energy/CO2 tax environmental tax reform European factor prices fixed factor gross output gross wage rate household impact of environmental important income effect increase input labour demand labour market regimes Laffer Curve long-run macroeconomic model negative OECD output effect parameter payroll tax cut payroll tax rate Pissarides 1998 Ploeg price equation repercussions scenario search model sectors simulation studies substitution effect tax burden effect tax incidence tax shift tax wedge taxation unemployment benefits unemployment rate union wage-bargaining model variable wage equation wage reactions wage setting welfare workers