Oceanographic History: The Pacific and Beyond

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Keith Rodney Benson, Philip F. Rehbock
University of Washington Press, 2002 - Science - 556 pages
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From a study of knowledge of the sea among indigenous cultures in the South Seas to inquiries into the subject of sea monsters, from studies of Pacific currents to descriptions of ocean-going research vessels, the sixty-three essays presented here reflect the scientific complexity and richness of social relationships that characterize ocean-ographic history. Based on papers presented at the Fifth International Congress on the History of Oceanography held at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (the first ICHO meeting following the cessation of the Cold War), the volume features an unusual breadth of contributions.

Oceanography itself involves the full spectrum of physical, biological, and earth sciences in their formal, empirical, and applied manifestations. The contributors to Oceanographic History: The Pacific and Beyond undertake the interdisciplinary task of telling the story of oceanography’s past, drawing on diverse methodologies. Their essays explore the concepts, techniques, and technologies of oceanography, as well as the social, economic, and institutional determinants of oceanographic history. Although focused on the Pacific, the geographic range of subjects is global and includes Micronesia, East Africa, and Antarctica; the bathymetric range comprises inshore fisheries, coral reefs, and the "azoic zone."

The seventy-one contributors represent every continent of the globe except Antarctica, bringing together material on the history of oceanography never before published.

  

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Contents

Pacific Remembrances
29
Myth and Natural Knowledge of the
59
Alan Eugene Davis Suggestions for Study of the Native Knowledge of
71
The Pacific and Beyond
85
Rostov History and Some Results
103
Walter Lenz The Aspirations of Alfred Merz Georg Wiist and
118
Tarsicio Antezana and History of Marine Science in Chile
155
Richard A Schwartzlose and The History of Oceanography along the Mexican Pacific Coast
167
David Dyrssen Anders Sparrman 17481820
230
His Influence Through
248
Donald J McGraw Claude Zobell Hadal Bacteria and the Azoic Zone
259
G Serpoinau and V Malciu The Pioneers of Oceanographic Research in Romania
271
Mirko Orlic Four Centuries of Physical Oceanography in Croatia
280
North American Oceanography and Marine Biology
287
Early American
298
Anwar Abdel Aleem The Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions 19311962 and
316

Ann Savours The Oceanographic Work of Captain Scotts Discovery
174
Rosalinde Rolfe Investigations of the Humboldt Current following a
186
The Voyage of
194
Norberto della Croce Italian Contributions to the Knowledge of the
204
Baruch Kimor DeepSea Plankton Exploration in Historical Perspective
210
J Malcolm Walker School and Popular Marine Science Education in the
224
The Next Fifty Years
351
Technique and Technology
357
Fisheries Science and Management
405
Coral Reef Research
446
Alan O Allvvardt Evolution of the Tectogene Concept 19301965
480
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About the author (2002)

Keith R. Benson is professor of history at the University of Washington. Philip F. Rehbock was professor of history at the University of Hawaii.

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