The Egyptian God Tutu: A Study of the Sphinx-god and Master of Demons with a Corpus of Monuments
Tutu (Tithoes) was a popular god in the Ptolemaic and Roman periods of Egyptian history, with his origins in the earlier Egyptian religious tradition. The god provided protection against demons, and his appearance as a striding sphinx was often combined with symbols of his power and visual references to demons and other divinities. The god Tutu demonstrates the continuing vitality of the pharaonic religion under the pressure of foreign cultures and ideas. This monograph provides the first comprehensive study of the god Tutu. It is based upon a collection of attestations, largely unpublished, which derive from monuments in various parts of Egypt and from museum collections all over the world. Moreover, the results of recent archaeological field work in Shenhur and in the temple of Tutu in the Dakhla Oasis have been included in full. The catalogue of monuments is accompanied by an analysis of the god Tutu, his iconography and his place in the Egyptian religion.
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Table of Contents
Tutus name and t1tles
The 1conography of Tutu
Towards a defin1t1on of Tutu
Compos1te 1mages of Tutu
Tutus place among the gods
Cults of Tutu
The Tutu stelae and statuary
Tutu in personal names and on co1nage
Agathos Daimon Amduat Amon Amon-Re amulets Ancient Egypt animal heads beard BIFAO Cairo catalogue cobra Colours crocodile crocodile's head Dakhleh Oasis Date dd mdw decans decoration deity Demotic Description divine Double Crown Egypt Egyptian Esna face falcon figure frontal view god's goddess gods Greek griffin hieroglyph hityw Horus iconography idem images of Tutu Imhotep inscription Isis Ismant el-Kharab JNES 19 Kakosy Kaper Kom Ombo Koptos Legend with Tutu lion long wig magical mammisi Museum name Tutu naos Nefertem Neith pantheistic pantheistic image Pantheos papyrus paws personal names Philae photograph phty Provenance unknown Ptolemaic period Quaegebeur ram's head Rectangular limestone stela Roman Egypt Roman period Sauneron scene Sekhmet serpent Seven Demons Shenhur solar disc statue stela striding sphinx tail ends Tapsais temple reliefs Thoth Tithoes tni crown Traunecker Tutu appears Tutu is depicted Tutu stelae Tutu's twtw uraeus votive wall wearing winged sun