Geoscience Data and Collections:: National Resources in Peril

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National Academies Press, Sep 23, 2002 - Science - 128 pages
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Geoscience data and collections (such as, rock and sediment cores, geophysical data, engineering records, and fossils) are necessary for industries to discover and develop domestic natural resources to fulfill the nation s energy and mineral requirements and to improve the prediction of immediate and long term hazards, such as land slides, volcanic eruptions and global climate change. While the nation has assembled a wealth of geoscience data and collections, their utility remains incompletely tapped. Many could act as invaluable resources in the future but immediate action is needed if they are to remain available. Housing of and access to geoscience data and collections have become critical issues for industry, federal and state agencies, museums, and universities. Many resources are in imminent danger of being lost through mismanagement, neglect, or disposal. A striking 46 percent of the state geological surveys polled by the committee reported that there is no space available or they have refused to accept new material. In order to address these challenges, Geoscience Data and Collections offers a comprehensive strategy for managing geoscience data and collections in the United States.
  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
6
What Are Geoscience Data and Collections and Why Are They Important?
7
Investment in and Commercial Value of Geoscience Data and Collections
12
Users and Beneficiaries of Geoscience Data and Collections
16
NATURE OF THE CHALLENGE
20
A National Shortage of space
23
Additional Sources of Loss of Geoscience Data and Collections
25
Inaccessible Geoscience Data and Collections
30
Discovery and Outreach
65
Summary
66
REGIONAL CENTERS A MODEL FOR THE FUTURE
68
Is One Too Few? Are 100 Too Many?
69
The Regional Centers Concept
71
Additional Roles and Responsibilities of the Federal Government
75
Incentives
77
CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS
78

Priorities for Preservation of Geoscience Data and Collections
32
GEOSCIENCE DATA AND COLLECTIONS TODAY
38
Media Containing Subsurface Data
44
Paleontological Collections
48
Rock and Mineral Collections
51
Other Data and Documentation
52
Summary
54
MANAGING GEOSCIENCE DATA AND COLLECTIONS CHALLENGES AND PRACTICES
55
Curation of Geoscience Data and Collections
57
Catalogies and Indexing
61
Access
62
REFERENCES
80
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS
85
PRESENTATIONS TO THE COMMITTEE
88
QUESTIONNAIRE
94
TYPES OF GEOSCIENCE DATA AND COLLECTIONS
96
GLOSSARY
97
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
100
NSF DIVISION OF EARTH SCIENCES EAR GUIDELINES FOR GEOSCIENCE DATA AND COLLECTIONS PRESERVATION AND DISTRIBUT...
102
WEB SITES
104
Copyright

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Page vii - Council, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were canrt'ulK considered.

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