Educational benefits and officer-commissioning opportunities available to U.S. military servicemembers
Michael R. Thirtle, United States. Dept. of Defense. Office of the Secretary of Defense, National Defense Research Institute (U.S.), Rand Corporation
Rand, Aug 31, 2001 - History - 82 pages
This work provides background and contextual information for a comprehensive report that will explore ways to attract college-eligible youth into the military. It describes the various benefits, opportunities, and commissioning methods that the military services use. It suggests that the different services have unique strategies for accessing both officers and enlisted personnel, as follows: --Of the three primary sources of officer commissioning--the federal service academies, the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), and Officer Training/Candidate School (OCS)--the Marine Corps relies most heavily upon OCS, and the Air Force, Army, and Navy draw upon ROTC for most of their officers. Direct appointment is also an avenue. Each service offers different types of monetary incentives. --Enlisted personnel have several ways of earning officer commissions, but the number of slots for these programs is limited. --Many opportunities exist for active-duty military personnel to further their civilian education, and all services use some form of tuition assistance and competitive, special programs. --The importance of advanced education in the military promotion process is not transparent. The enlisted-promotion process awards a small number of points for higher education, but job performance, time-in-grade, and technical skills appear to be the main criteria for advancement. The role of advanced education within the officer-promotion process is also unclear, although most officers who proceed beyond O-3 have a master's degree.
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Credit for Experience
Methods of Financing PostSecondary Education
THE ROLE OF EDUCATION IN THE MILITARY PROMOTION
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active duty advanced degree Air Force Airman ALMAR associate's degree attend awarded bachelor's degree CCAF civilian education college degrees college education College Fund commissioned officers commissioning sources complete courses DANTES Degree Program Department of Defense Direct Appointment DoD Voluntary Education educational benefits enlisted personnel Enlisted Promotion enlisted servicemembers enroll enter Figure Force Management Policy full pay full-time high school individuals join the military Marine Corps maximum MECEP Military Services Montgomery GI Bill National Guard Naval Academy Naval Postgraduate School Navy OCS/OTS officer accessions Officer Candidate officer commissions Officer Training Corps Opportunity for Officer Paid training participants percent POC-ERP post-secondary education Promotion Fitness Examination Promotion Points promotion process RAND receive Recruiting regular commission Reserve Officer Training ROTC programs ROTC scholarship score Second Lieutenant Secretary of Defense Sergeant Servicemembers Opportunity Colleges subsection Table Tier tuition assistance types U.S. Marine Corps U.S. military VEAP Voluntary Education Program Washington