Racial attitudes in English-Canadian fiction, 1905-1980
Racial Attitudes in English-Canadian Fictionis a critical overview of the appearances and consequences of racism in English-Canadian fiction published between 1905 and 1980. Based on an analysis of traditional expressions in literature of group solidarity and resentment, the study screens English-Canadian novels for fictional representations of such feelings. Beginning with the English-Canadian reaction to the mass influx of immigrants into Western Canada after World War One, it examines the fiction of novelists such as Ralph Connor and Nellie McClung. The author then suggests that the cumulative effect of a number of individual voices, such as Grove and Salverson, constituted a counter-reaction which has been made more positive by Laurence, Lysenko, Richler and Clarke. The "debate" between these two sides, carried on in fictional and non-fictional writing, is seen to be in part resolved in synthesis after World War Two, as attitudes are forced by wartime alliances and intellectual pressures into a qualified liberalism. The author shows how single novels by Graham, Bodsworth, and Callaghan demonstrated a new concern for the exposure and eradication of racial discrimination, an attitude taken further by the works of Wiebe and Klein. The book concentrates on single texts that best portray deliberately or not, racist ideology or anti-racist arguments, and attempts to explain the arousal in Canada of such ideas.
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A. M. Klein accepted alien American Anglo-Saxon anti-racist anti-Semitism appear assimilation attitude awareness Big Bear blacks Bodsworth British Buller Burrmann Cabbagetown Callaghan Canadian literature Canadian society characters charter-group Clarke colour conflict cultural defending Doukhobors economic English English-Canadian ethnic groups ethnocentric European example fiction Foreigner Frederick French-Canadians Galicians Garner German Gibbon Gordon Graham Grove half-breeds Hero human Ibid Icelanders ideal immigrants Indians J. S. Woodsworth Jewish Jews Klein labour land Lysenko Maclean's Macmillan of Canada Margaret Laurence McClelland and Stewart McClung Mennonites Metis Montreal non-charter-group novel Peace Shall Destroy Peggy political popular position prairies prejudice presented problem Protestant psychological Queen's Quarterly race racism religion religious Richler Rudy Wiebe Ryerson Press Salverson seems sense sexual Sinclair social stereotypes story superiority theme theory tion Ukrainian University of Toronto victims Viking Heart West Wiebe Wiebe's Willison's Monthly Winnipeg Woodsworth writers wrote