Narrative of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842, and to Oregon and North Carolina in the Years 1843-'44 (Google eBook)
Henry Polkinhorn, 1845 - 277 pages
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abundant afternoon American Fur Company animals appearance Arapahoes artemisia ascended barometer basin beautiful boat bottom broken buffalo bunch grass camp Carson clear Columbia continued cottonwood course covered creek crossed dark deep descended distance elevation emigrants encamped fire foot frequently grass green Green river ground groves hills horses hundred feet Indians island journey Kansas river lake Laramie Laramie river latitude left bank longitude miles Missouri river morning moun mouth mules night observations obtained party pass peaks pines plain plants Platte river pleasant prairie Preuss Purshia tridentata rain ravine reached region ridge right bank road rock Rocky mountains salt sand sandstone sandy scattered seen shore side Sierra Sierra Nevada snow snowy soil South Pass spring stream summit sunrise sunset Sweet Water tains thermometer timber to-day trail travelled trees valley village weather willow wind wood yards
Page 70 - ... where never human foot had stood before, felt the exultation of first explorers. It was about two o'clock when we left the summit, and when we reached the bottom, the sun had already sunk behind the wall, and the day was drawing to a close. It would have been pleasant to have lingered here and on the summit longer ; but we hurried away as rapidly as the ground would permit, for it was an object to regain our party as soon as possible, not knowing what accident the next hour might bring forth.
Page 215 - Rock upon rock — rock upon rock — snow upon snow," said he; "even if you get over the snow, you will not be able to get down from the mountains." He made us the sign of precipices and showed us how the feet of the horses would slip and throw them off from the narrow trails that led along their sides.
Page 69 - ... the mind as the great features of the place. Here, on the summit, where the stillness was absolute, unbroken by any sound, and the solitude complete, we thought ourselves beyond the region of animated life ; but while we were sitting on the rock, a solitary bee (bromus, the humble bee) came Dinging his flight from the eastern valley, and lit on the knee of one of the men.
Page 20 - A crowd of bulls, as usual, brought up the rear, and every now and then some of them faced about, and then dashed on after the band a short distance, and turned and looked again, as if more than half inclined to stand and fight.
Page 247 - Indians, into the defile of an unknown mountain — attack them on sight, without counting numbers — and defeat them in an instant — and for what? To punish the robbers of the desert, and to avenge the wrongs of Mexicans whom they did not know. I repeat : it was Carson and Godey who did this — the former an American, born in the Boonslick county of Missouri ; the latter a Frenchman, born in St. Louis, — and both trained to western enterprise from early life.
Page 19 - We had heard from a distance a dull and confused murmuring, and, when we came in view of their dark masses, there was not one among us who did not feel his heart beat quicker. It was the early part of the day, when the herds are feeding; and everywhere they were in motion.
Page 249 - We were all too much affected by the sad feelings which the place inspired, to remain an unnecessary moment. The night we were obliged to pass there. Early in the morning we left it, having first written a brief account of what had happened, and put it in the cleft of a pole planted at the spring, that the approaching caravan might learn the fate of their friends. In commemoration of the event, we called the place Ague de Hernandez — Hernandez's spring. By observation, its latitude was 35= 51
Page 69 - ... serrated line of broken, jagged cones. We rode on until we came almost immediately below the main peak, which I denominated the Snow peak, as it exhibited more snow to the eye than any of the neighboring summits. Here were three small lakes of a green color, each of perhaps a thousand yards ii; diameter, and apparently very deep.
Page 230 - The next day, March 8th, we encamped at the junction of the two rivers, the Sacramento and Americanos; and thus found the whole party in the beautiful valley of the Sacramento. It was a convenient place for the camp ; and, among other things, was within reach of the wood necessary to make the...
Page 69 - I had brought for the purpose, as now the use of our toes became necessary to a further advance. I availed myself of a sort of comb of the mountain, which stood against the wall like a buttress, and which the wind and the solar radiation, joined to the steepness of the smooth rock, had kept almost entirely free from snow. Up this I made my way rapidly. Our cautious method of advancing...