Singlewomen in the European Past, 1250-1800

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Judith M. Bennett, Amy Froide
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999 - History - 352 pages
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When we think about the European past, we tend to imagine villages, towns, and cities populated by conventional families—married couples and their children. Although most people did marry and pass many of their adult years in the company of a spouse, this vision of a preindustrial Europe shaped by heterosexual marriage deceptively hides the well-established fact that, in some times and places, as many as twenty-five percent of women and men remained single throughout their lives.

Despite the significant number of never-married lay women in medieval and early modern Europe, the study of their role and position in that society has been largely neglected. Singlewomen in the European Past opens up this group for further investigation. It is not only the first book to highlight the important minority of women who never married but also the first to address the critical matter of differences among women from the perspective of marital status.

Essays by leading scholars—among them Maryanne Kowaleski, Margaret Hunt, Ruth Mazo Karras, Susan Mosher Stuard, Roberta Krueger, and Merry Wiesner—deal with topics including the sexual and emotional relationships of singlewomen, the economic issues and employment opportunities facing them, the differences between the lives of widows and singlewomen, the conflation of singlewomen and prostitutes, and the problem of female slavery. The chapters both illustrate the roles open to the singlewoman in the thirteenth through eighteenth centuries and raise new perspectives about the experiences of singlewomen in earlier times.

  

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Contents

A Singular Past
1
Singlewomen in Medieval and Early Modern Europe The Demographic Perspective
38
It Is Not Good That Woman Should Be Alone Elite Responses to Singlewomen in High Medieval Paris
82
Single by Law and Custom
106
Sex and the Singlewoman
127
Transforming Maidens Singlewomens Stories in Marie de Frances Lais and Later French Courtly Narratives
146
Having Her Own Smoke Employment and Independence for Singlewomen in Germany 14001750
192
Singlewomen in Early Modern Venice Communities and Opportunities
217
Marital Status as a Category of Difference Singlewomen and Widows in Early Modern England
236
The Sapphic Strain English Lesbians in the Long Eighteenth Century
270
Singular Politics The Rise of the British Nation and the Production of the Old Maid
297
Demographic Tables
325
List of Contributors
345
Index
347
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

Judith M. Bennett is Professor of History at the University of Southern California. She is the author, most recently, of History Matters: Patriarchy and the Challenge of Feminism, also available from the University of Pennsylvania Press. Amy M. Froide teaches history at Miami University of Ohio. She is completing a book on singlewomen in early modern England.

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