High Calvinists in Action: Calvinism and the City, Manchester and London, C. 1810-1860
This valuable contribution to the debate about the relation of religion to the modern city fills an important gap in the historiography of early nineteenth-century religious life. Although there is some evidence that strict doctrine led to a more restricted response to urban problems, extensive local and personal variations mean that simple generalizations should be avoided. Ian J.Shaw argues against earlier prejudiced views and shows that high Calvinists played a vigorous and successfulpart in the response of early nineteenth-century churches to the process of urbanization. The study includes six substantial case studies of ministers and their churches in Manchester and London. Four high Calvinist ministers are considered, with two studies of ministers holding to an evangelical Calvinist doctrine also included to provide instructive contrasts. Detailed social analysis of the congregations is based upon extensive use of manuscript and printed sources, sermons, and local and denominational press.
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activity Andrew Reed Anglican anti-Catholicism antinomianism Arminianism attended believed Bennett Street Sunday Bible Braidley Brunswick Street C. H. Spurgeon Camberwell Catholic cent Charles Simeon Chartism Christ Christian Church Members Clement's Committee congregation context Corn Laws Deacons Dissenters doctrinal election England Establishment eternal evangelical Calvinism evangelical Calvinists evangelistic faith Gadsby's George's Road grace Grove Chapel high Calvinism high Calvinists Ibid influence Irons's itinerancy James John Gill Joseph Irons labouring Lancashire Lloyd Street London Manchester Guaedian meeting membership Memoirs of Reed minister ministry Minutes Mission Missionary Society moral nineteenth century Nunn's pan-evangelical pastoral political poor poverty Protestant pulpit radical Reed's Religion religious response Robert Hawker sabbath sanctification Sermon Preached significant Simeon social concern Southwark spiritual Street Report Street Sunday School Strict Baptist Sunday school Surrey Tabernacle theology urban Vestry visitation Wells's William Gadsby William McKerrow William Nunn Wycliffe Chapel