Spain and Portugal in the New World: 1492-1700 (Google eBook)

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U of Minnesota Press, 1984 - History - 585 pages
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Spain and Portugal in the New World, 1492-1700 was first published in 1984. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.

Spanish and Portuguese expansion substantially altered the social, political, and economic contours of the modern world. In his book, Lyle McAlister provides a narrative and interpretive history of the exploration and settlement of the Americas by Spain and Portugal.

McAlister divides this period (and the book) into three parts. First, he describes the formation of Old World societies with particular attention to those features that influenced the directions and forms of overseas expansion. Second, he traces the dynamic processes of conquest and colonization that between 1492 and about 1570 firmly established Spanish and Portuguese dominion in the New World. The third part deals with colonial growth and consolidation down to about 1700. McAlister's main themes are: the post-conquest territorial expansion that established the limits of what later came to be called Latin America, the emergence of distinctively Spanish and Portuguese American societies and economies, the formation of systems of imperial control and exploitation, and the ways in which conflicts between imperial and American interests were reconciled.

This comprehensive history, with its extensive bibliographic essay and attention to historiographic issues, will be a standard reference for students and scholars of the period.

  

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Contents

Reconquista
3
Territorial changes in North America and the Caribbean c 1565c 1700
6
around 1700
10
Reconquest Hispania
13
Hispanic Expansion in the Old World
41
The Establishment of Hispanic Dominion in America
71
Mundus Novus Discovery and Conquest
89
Colonization The Populators of the Indies
108
The Hispanic World in
291
Components Numbers
332
PostConquest Economies
355
Estimated Minimum Spanish American Bullion Production 15711700
369
Brazilian Sugar Production 15761644
383
American Societies and American Identities
391
Imperial Systems
423
The Governmental Organization of Spanish America in About 1700
425

Estimated Population of the Spanish Indies in About 1570
131
The Castilian Municipio
133
Urbanization in the Spanish Indies in About 1570
144
The TwentyFive Largest Municipalities in the Spanish Indies in About 1570
147
Ranking of Municipalities in the Spanish Indies by Population in About 1580
148
Efforts to Incorporate the Indians
153
The Royal Senorio in the Indies
182
The Fruits of the Land
208
The Commerce of the Indies
231
The Conquest of Brazil
250
The Colonization of Brazil to About 1570
270
The Portuguese Population of Brazil in About 1570
280
Estimated Population of Hispanic America in About 1650 as Compared with 1570
286
The Governmental Organization of Portuguese America in About 1700
441
European Reactions to Hispanic Expansion
452
Notes
481
131
488
Bibliographical Essay
511
144
518
147
549
Index
565
148
569
280
571
383
574
441
576
Copyright

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About the author (1984)

Lyle N. McAlister earned his doctorate in history at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1950, and taught for many years at the University of Florida, where he was Distinguished Service Professor of History. He was director of the Center for Latin American Studies at Florida in the mid-1960s, and in 1972 chaired the Conference on Latin American History. McAlister is the author of The Fuero Militar in New Spain, 1764-1800, and editor and principal author of The Military in Latin American Sociopolitical Evolution.

Bibliographic information