African American Slavery and Disability: Bodies, Property, and Power in the Antebellum South, 1800-1860

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Routledge, 2013 - History - 183 pages
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Disability is often mentioned in discussions of slave health, mistreatment and abuse, but constructs of how "able" and "disabled" bodies influenced the institution of slavery has gone largely overlooked. This volume uncovers a history of disability in African American slavery from the primary record, analyzing how concepts of race, disability, and power converged in the United States in the first half of the nineteenth century.

Slaves with physical and mental impairments often faced unique limitations and conditions in their diagnosis, treatment, and evaluation as property. Slaves with disabilities proved a significant challenge to white authority figures, torn between the desire to categorize them as different or defective and the practical need to incorporate their "disorderly" bodies into daily life. Being physically "unfit" could sometimes allow slaves to escape the limitations of bondage and oppression, and establish a measure of self-control. Furthermore, ideas about and reactions to disability—appearing as social construction, legal definition, medical phenomenon, metaphor, or masquerade—highlighted deep struggles over bodies in bondage in antebellum America.

  

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Contents

Here Are the Marks Yet
1
Bodies
15
Property
53
Power
93
Notes
127
Select Bibliography
161
Index
177
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Dea Boster received her Ph.D. in History at the University of Michigan and is an Instructor for the Humanities Department at Columbus State Community College.

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