Forts of the American Frontier 1776-1891: California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska

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Osprey Publishing, Oct 20, 2011 - History - 64 pages
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With the violent separation between the United States and Britain which began in 1776, the new 'Americans' set off to fulfill their manifest destiny and rule their new land from coast to coast. As they pushed westward, they came into conflict with both natives and other European settlers, and began to build fortresses to defend their newly claimed land. This book charts the development and variation of the fortresses of the American Frontier, covering both American defenses and those of the Spanish in the west. It also examines the little-known forts of early Russian settlers on the Pacific coast.

  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
4
CHRONOLOGY
8
DEVELOPMENT OF THE FORTS
9
TYPES OF MILITARY FORT
15
THE PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE
35
LIFE IN THE FORTS
43
THE FORTS AT WAR
47
THE FATE OF THE FORTS
56
THE FORTS TODAY
58
BIBLIOGRAPHY
62
GLOSSARY
63
INDEX
64
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Ron Field was Head of History at the Cotswold School in Bourton-on-the-Water, until his retirement in 2007. Awarded a Fulbright Scholarship in 1982, he taught History at Piedmont High School in California from 1982 to 1983. Ron was also associate editor of the Confederate Historical Society of Great Britain, from 1983 to 1992. He is an internationally acknowledged expert on US military history, and was elected a Fellow of the Company of Military Historians, based in Washington, DC, in 2005.

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