Folk Dress in Europe and Anatolia: Beliefs about Protection and Fertility
Bloomsbury Academic, Nov 1, 1999 - Design - 256 pages
Shortlisted for the Katharine Briggs Folklore Award 2000.
Relationships between dress and the body have existed in European and Anatolian folk cultures well into the twentieth century. Traditional cultures have long held the belief that certain articles of dress could protect the body from harm by warding off the 'evil eye,' bring fertility to new brides, or assure human control of supernatural powers. Ritual fringes, archaic motifs, and colors such as black and red were believed to have powerful, magical effects.
This absorbing and interdisciplinary book examines dress in a broad range of folk cultures - from Turkey, Greece, and Slovakia to Norway, Latvia, and Lithuania, to name but a few. Authors reveal the connection between folk dress and ancient myths, cults and rituals, as well as the communicative aspects of folk dress. How is an individual attired in a specific ensemble located within a community? Is the community the gendered one of women, the village of residence, the larger geographical region or the nation? The intriguing connections between dress and the supernatural beliefs of agrarian communities, as well as the reinvention of such beliefs as part of nationalism, are also discussed.
This book represents a significant contribution to the growing body of literature on the cultural meanings of dress, as well as to material culture, anthropology, folklore, art history, ethnohistory, and linguistics.
Nominated for Millia Davenport award.
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On the Antiquity of East European Bridal Clothing
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Anatolia apron archaeological areas Argolida associated back-apron Barber beliefs belts birth body Boeotia bracelets bridal bride Bronze Age brooches Carpathian ceremony chemise childbearing childbirth color Corinthia culture customs Czech dainas dance decorative designs dizge dowry dress ensembles embroidered embroidery ethnographic Euboea Europe evil eye female fertility festival Figure fringes garments Gimbutas girls goddess Greece Greek groups hair headdress headscarf History huldrefolk Hutsul interview jewelry jostas Kiev Kocakovacik Kosmach Krustpils Latvian Lithuania Minor Macedonia magic Mariovo marriage married women metal mother motifs mountains Museum Nafplion national costume Neolithic nineteenth century Norwegian panjova plachta protection region rites ritual cloths Romania rural Russian Rybakov sashes sexual shawl sigouni Slavic social Soviet string skirt supernatural symbols Tamosaitis tassels textiles traditional Turkish twentieth century Ukraine Ukrainian ultra-long sleeves University Vaclavik village dress village women wearer wearing weaving wedding Welters woman wool woolen wore worn woven yarns zonari