The Reign of Henry III

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A&C Black, 1996 - History - 480 pages
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The long reign of Henry III (1216-1272) was one of the most significant in English history. It saw the implantation of Magna Carta into political life, the development of parliament and the rise of English national feeling. Reforms in 1258 reduced the king to a cipher and led to a civil war which culminated in the rule of Simon de Montfort: revolutionary events which had no parallel until the 1640s. This study contains important pieces on the dating and making of Magna Carta 1215; on justice and jurisdiction under John and Henry III; on Matthew Paris and Henry III's speech at the exchequer in 1256; and on the burial of Henry III and the image of kinship. The volume also discusses the whole nature of Henry III"s personal rule, the immediate causes of the revolution of 1258, the rise of Simon de Montfort, the explosive development of English national feeling, the social and economic position of the gentry, the role of peasants in politics, and Henry III's relations with both the Tower of London and the Cosmati work at Westminster abbey.
  

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Contents

The Dating and Making of Magna Carta
1
Justice and Jurisdiction under King John and King Henry III
17
The Fall of Hubert de Burgh
45
Chancellor Ralph de Neville and Plans of Political Reform 12151258
61
The Personal Rule of King Henry III 12341258
75
The Gold Treasure of King Henry III
107
Matthew Paris and Henry llls Speech at the Exchequer in October 1256 137
111
The Decline of the Curial Sheriff in England 11941258
151
An Unknown Obituary of King Henry III from the Year 1263
253
July 1263
261
Simon de Montfort and the Mise of Lewes
281
His Political Career
293
English Peasants in Politics 12581267
309
Was There a Crisis of the Knightly Class in the Thirteenth Century? The Oxfordshire Evidence
349
The Beginnings of Parliament
381
King Henry III and the Cosmati Work at Westminster Abbey
409

What Happened in 1258?
183
King Henry III and the Tower of London
199
The First Leader of a Political Movement in English History
219
The Lord Edwards Oath to Aid and Counsel Simon de Montfort 15 October 1259
241
The Burial of King Henry III the Regalia and Royal Ideology
427
Index
463
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

David Carpenter is Professor of History at Kings College, London and one of the world's leading authorities on Britain in the thirteenth century.

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