Jews and the Expansion of Europe to the West, 1400-1800

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Paolo Bernardini, Norman Fiering
Berghahn Books, Dec 2, 2003 - History - 567 pages
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Jews and Judaism played a significant role in the history of the expansion of Europe to the west as well as in the history of the economic, social, and religious development of the New World. They played an important role in the discovery, colonization, and eventually exploitation of the resources of the New World. Alone among the European peoples who came to the Americas in the colonial period, Jews were dispersed throughout the hemisphere; indeed, they were the only cohesive European ethnic or religious group that lived under both Catholic and Protestant regimes, which makes their study particularly fruitful from a comparative perspective. As distinguished from other religious or ethnic minorities, the Jewish struggle was not only against an overpowering and fierce nature but also against the political regimes that ruled over the various colonies of the Americas and often looked unfavorably upon the establishment and tleration of Jewish communities in their own territory. Jews managed to survive and occasionally to flourish against all odds, and their history in the Americas is one of the more fascinating chapters in the early modern history of European expansion.

Paolo Bernardiniwas a Fellow of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study and of the Royal Historical Society. Currently he is Resident Director of the Padova Program, Boston University.Norman Fieringis the author of two books that were awarded the Merle Curti Prize for Intellectual History by the Organization of American Historians and of numerous articles. Since 1983, he has been Director of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

  

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Contents

Jewish Expansion to the New World
1
IDEAS AND REPRESENTATIONS
25
Knowledge of Newly Discovered Lands among Jewish
47
Jewish Scientists and the Origin of Modern Navigation
73
Menasseh ben Israel and
86
The Wanderings of the Lost Ten Tribes
107
CONCEALING PRESERVING AND RESHAPING
123
Marrano Religiosity in Hispanic America in
149
Jewish Settlements in the French Colonies in the Caribbean
287
Sephardic Jews
314
THE JEWS
333
The Jews in Suriname and Curasao
350
An Atlantic Perspective on the Jewish Struggle for Rights
369
The Synagogues
394
AMERICAN JEWS
437
New Christians as Sugar Cultivators and Traders in
485

The Participation of New Christians and CryptoJews
186
CryptoJews and New Christians in Colonial Peru and Chile
203
On the Gold Route
215
The Inquisition and
242
IDENTITY TRADE
253
Atlantic Trade and Sephardim Merchants
268
The Jewish Moment and the Two Expansion Systems
501
MAPS
504
The Jews in British America
519
Notes on Contributors
532
Place Index
554
Copyright

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