Distributed Cognitions: Psychological and Educational Considerations
Traditionally, human cognition has been seen and studied as existing solely "inside" a person, irrelevant to the social, physical, and artifactual context in which cognition takes place. This book reexamines the nature of cognition and proposes that a clearer understanding of human cognition would be achieved if it were conceptualized and studied as distributed among individuals; knowledge is socially constructed through collaborative efforts toward shared objectives within cultural surroundings, and that information is processed among individuals and the tools and artifacts provided by culture. The contributors to this thought-provoking text enhance their arguments by offering examples from daily life and educational activities. Researchers in a number of social and scientific fields will welcome this book.
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AARON achieve action activity system affordances Alexander Luria argued art table artifacts basic behavior Brown Campione Chapter child classroom Cognitive apprenticeship Cole complex computer-aided design concept construction context cultural cultural artifacts cultural-historical discussion distributed cognitions distributed intelligence distribution of cognition domain drawing Engestrom environment Erlbaum example executive function experience expertise fact funds of knowledge Gavriel Salomon goals higher-order knowledge Hillsdale households HyperCard ideas individual interaction Kenny Lave learners Leont'ev Luria mathematics mediated mental mind Moll Nogales participants patient Perkins person person-plus person-solo perspective practice problem solving proximal development psychology questions QuickMail reading reciprocal teaching representations role Roy Pea Salomon Sanchez sand table setting shared situated cognition situations skills social Sonora structure tasks teacher technologies thal theory thinking and learning tion understanding Vygotsky writing zone of proximal