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others of the same area in the cone, allowing the water to pass through the valve. The disc works perpendlcu laily in cone and the water pressure is directly against its end, holding it solidly in place; a nut also serves, to tighten up the disc should It ever become a trifle loose. The turning of the disc in the cone engages or disengages the ports in each, thereby turning on or shutting off the water.

The valves, it Is said, have no washers, screws, stuffing boxes, springs or anything to get out of order and need repairing or renewing.

The disc fits In cone so snugly, it is said, that no water can get between the two parts of the valve and cause a leakage, and, at the same time, the disc works freely in the cone and will not bind.

The lining of the valves does not expand or contract neither do chemicals of acids have any effect upon It.

Plenty of port area is provided to enable a quick and efficient supply of water under any and all pressures or conditions.

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"Wright" Bubbling Drinking Fountain, Fig. 1

Wright Specialty Mfg. Co., Youngwood, Pa.

These fountains are made with the "Wright" patent valve and have standard connections for attachment to lavatories, sinks or walls.

They have either a lifting spout, that when not in use stands perpendicular and pulls down over bowl for drinking purposes (Fig. 1), or a swinging spout operating horizontally like the company's faucets, the movement of the spout over and out of the basin radius opening and closing the valve in the fixture (Fig. 2).

The standard length of the spouts Is 6 Inches, but they can be furnished In any length desired. The handles on the cups are of white porcelain, strong and firmly attached to withstand hard usage. The cups have white porcelain mouthpieces which are constantly washed by the flow of water when the fountain Is In operation. It being necessary to move the spout to a certain position to get the fountain to work, makes it impracticable to get the lips on the mouthpiece before the water commences to flow and insures the mouthpiece being always washed off before a drink is taken Inserted in the cups below the mouthpieces are several pieces of fine wire gauze to check the excessive flow of water. Besides breaking the flow of the water, this gauze also acts as a strainer, and as the mouthpieces unscrew the gauze can be easily removed for cleaning or renewal. The cups are made to furnish a bubble of sufficient volume to compel drinking from the bubble Itself and the face will not come in contact with any part of the fixture.

These fountains are adapted for all conditions, public and private, where a "bubbler" neat In appearance, sanitary, strong and durable of construction, easy of operation and accessible to adults and children alike, is required.

Wright Valve

The "Wright" Valve is shown in Fig. 3. It consists, as shown in illustration, of a brass cone and disc, the cone lined with a hard valcanlte composition that practically eliminates, It Is said, all friction. The disc Is hollow and fits into the cone, and has two ports on Its tapered end. This tapered end works in the cone, and Its ports meet

MARSH NO. 7 VACUUM AND AUTOMATIC AIR VALVE

The accompanying illustration shows the Marsh Original No. 7 Vacuum and Automatic Air Valve, which performs automatically the functions of a regular automatic air valve, and at the same time pre

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Marsh No. 7 Vacuum and Automatic Air Valve

vents the cold air from entering the system as the heating plant dies down for a period or for the night.

Special attention Is directed to the vacuum attachment which Is kept tight on account of the regrlndlng feature. This refers to the bronze ball and ground joint arrangement. The frlctlonless patented fluted float shown in the illustration is patented by Jas. P. Marsh & Co. The float cannot stick, It Is said, and insures positive action. The expansion post as shown Is reinforced with a brass

Wright" Valve, Cone and Disc, Fig. 3

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change of 1 to 2 degrees, has its sensitive parts entirely exposed and therefore is quickly aft ee ted by a change In temperature. The Important feature, however. Is an automatic signal, which shows the user at all times, by a glance at the thermostat, whether the drafts of the healer are open or closed, and thereby Bi\es warning If more fuel is needed or It the motor should be allowed to run down. An Ingenious arrangement of electro-magnets causes a red disc to appear in an opening at the top of the thermostat when the drafts are opened and a blue disc when the drafts are closed.

In 1 lie motor si ecial attention is given to those details which give durability to the motor, long life to the batteries, and safety In the control of the Are. The positive stop to the motor is against a spring, which absorbs the jar and elemlnates all unnecessary strain on the gears. A specially constructed magnet uses a minimum of electric current. A device is provided whereby, should the motor be allowed to run down. It will always stop with the drafts of the heater closed and the batteries out of circuit.

This device Is manufactured by Wells & Kelly, Marshall, Mich.

A COMPRESSION TANK
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM

The accompanying diagram illustrates the method of Installing one type of Water Supply System manufactured by The Standard Pump & Engine Co., of Cleveland, Ohio.

The installation shown consists of their Suction Lift type of pumping engine, arranged to take water from a well or cistern and deliver it Into the pressure tank, from which It is distributed into the house line and plumbing fixtures. In the diagram shown, the pumping engine is operated by either gas or gasoline, and is fitted with their air compressor attachment for supplying air along with the water.

The combination is a very elastic one. The piping of the pump and tank may be arranged to accommodate the requirements of an individual Instal'atlon, as it can be arranged with the engine as far as 500 feet away from the source of water supply, and the pump can be connected to take water from one or more wells or cisterns. The tank may be placed In the «ame room with the pumping enelne or it may be placed a consiriera' le distance away in the basement of the house or elsewhere, as circumstances may renuire. The s'ze of the tank may also be varied to accommodate the different conditions.

These machines are furnished in "Standard Junior" size, with a capacity of 400 gallons per ho>>r; 2-horsepower size, with a capacity of 800 to 1.000 gallons per hour,

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and 6-horsepower size, with a capacity of 3,500 to 4,000 gallons per hour. All of these sizes can be obtained In the "Suction Lift" or "Deep Well" types, and are supplied with or without air compressor attachment for supplying air along with the water in such places where pneumatic water systems are used.

D. B.

M." WIRELESS PIPE
LOCATOR

The "D. B. M." Wireless Electric Pipe Locator, which we herewith illustrate, is an Instrument employed for the purpose of showing the exact location of any concealed or underground water, gas, steam or other pipes that may be covered with boards, earth, snow, Ice, concrete, etc.

The principles of electricity are made use of in such a manner as to enable the operator to tell exactly where main or service pipes He, though they may be burled ten or fifteen feet underground and covered with snow, Ice, boards, concrete, etc. The apparatus consists of an Instrument for producing an electric current on the pipe which Is to be located, and a special head telephone receiver and detector coll, constructed to pick up the electric wave produced by the Instrument, so that it can be distinctly heard In the receiver.

.After connecting the Instrument properly, either Inside or outside of the buildings, the operator can hear the tone In the receiver distinctly with the detector coll held in the hand. In this manner the exact location of the underground pipe can be followed as many feet, yards, or blocks as is necessary.

The apparatus is mounted in a nicely finished case, equipped with a lock and handle for carrying; the entire equipment Is first-class In every respect, and fully guaranteed to be just as represented.

The device is not a magnetic instrument, it is operated with batteries on the wireless principle.

This appliance is manufactured by the Modern Iron Works, Quincy, 111.

CATALOOUES AND PRICE, LISTS FOR CONSULATE

[From Consul Edwin N. Gunsaulus, Johannesburg.]

Numerous requests received at this consulate for catalogues and price lists of American products illustrate the value to American manufacturers of having on file at American consular offices catalogues and other literature descriptive of their goods and also the names of their representatives in foreign countries, if any, to whom inquiries could be referred. By this means orders, which frequently go to other countries owing to delay in obtaining the required information, could probably be secured for American firms.

The more generally American concerns avail themselves of the opportunity to be thus represented at consular offices the greater will be the benefits accruing to American trade as a whole through this instrumentality.

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FURNACE, STOVE, HARDWARE and SHEET METAL NOTES

THE ENGINEERING DEPARTriENT OF THE FEDERAL FURNACE LEAGUE

By Dr. William F. Colbert.

On November I, 1910, the Federal Furnace League organized an engineering department for the purpose of preparing, on order of the members of the league, plans or specifications for heating and ventilating buildings with warm air furnaces.

The engineering department down to the time of writing has prepared plans for heating and ventilating school buildings (from 2 to 16 class rooms), churches, apartment buildings, factory buildings, business buildings and large and small residences in Arkansas, Connecticut, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York. Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, England and Russia.

The variety in size and type of buildings, for the heating and ventilating of which plans have been prepared, illustrates the wide field that is open to the energetic furnace man. The cost of the plans or specifications to the manufacturer has been low and the money apparently was well invested, for we have yet to hear of a case where the retail dealer failed to land the contract for which the plan was prepared.

The results of this experiment, for the engineering department was at first organized as an experiment, have convinced them that they have found another method of serving furnace manufacturers, retail furnace dealers and the public, which is the purpose for which the league was organized. And now that it has been demonstrated that an engineering department is a real aid in carrying out the purposes of the Federal Furnace League, the facilities of the department will be increased if necessary to insure prompt service.

Although there has been plenty of work for the present organization, the writer believes that the ultimate purpose of the department—helping the retail furnace dealer—cannot be fully realized unless the dealer knows that the department exists and, through the members of the league, uses it to advance his business interests.

The furnace man owes it to himself, his customer and to the entire industry that there shall not be any doubt concerning the correctness of any important furnace installation for which he has or hopes to secure the contract.

When in doubt about the proper way to run piping, etc., in a building, the best thing the dealer can do is to put the problem up to the manufacturer before going ahead with the work, not after the job is done and a complaint made by the owner.

Even though the dealer goes back to a job and makes it right, regardless of cost to him, the owner has suffered much inconvenience while waiting for his heating system to be made right and it is only natural that he does not feel as enthusiastic over his heating plant as he would had the job been carefully planned and installed absolutely right at first.

A cool million spent in advertising the advantage^ of proper furnace heating would not permanently increase

the furnace business unless it is the rule that furnaces are properly installed and "comebacks" are as rare as millionaire tinsmiths.

The Federal system of heating and ventilation is the contribution of the Federal Furnace League toward bringing about this desirable condition in the furnace industry.

When the heating requirements of a building are estimated and the piping and registers installed according to the directions of the Federal system and a furnace of the proper Federal heat unit rating is set up in the cellar, with the chimney flue, cold air supply, etc., of the sizes given in the tables, the dealer will not have to wonder whether that northwest room is going to be warm. He will know that if it isn't warm he can make it hot for some one—and we don't expect to sweat even a little bit.

The specifications and plans prepared by the engineering department of the league are based on the Federal system, and, aside from their value in helping to land contracts and for reference in laying out future furnace jobs, there is no doubt that a plan for heating and ventilating a building with which the dealer is familiar will enable him to more readily understand the new book of the Federal Furnace League when it cctnes to hand.

As every reader knows, there have been enormous strides forward in medical knowledge in recent years. This rapid increase in knowledge is directly due to the modern organization of the medical profession. The research specialists work in great laboratories and as they discover new facts they try them out and then give them to the practicing physician to use in his everyday work.

The ambition of the engineering department of the Federal Furnace League is to become the recognized laboratory for research work in the furnace industry. An opportunity offered, we wish to conduct experiments and to study all phases of furnace heating and ventilating. On the basis of results obtained in our own work we may from time to time make recommendations to the trade through the trade journals. Everything we recommend may not be original, but it will have sufficient merit to warrant general use.

The only reward we ask in return for our efforts is the moral support of the retail furnace dealers of the United States.

membership in Chicago is ninety-five.

The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: R. W. Dingwall, president; W. L. Kroeschell, vicepresident; O. A. Olson, treasurer.

After the transaction of business several prominent men addressed the association and were given a splendid ovation. Mr. Harry A. Wheeler, president of the Chicago Association of Commerce, spoke on "Chicago, the Great Central Market, and the Metal Trades Industry." Hon. Jesse Holdom, many years judge of the Superior Court of Cook County, spoke on "Injunctions," and Mr. Frank C Caldwell first vice-president of the National Metal Trades Association, on "Our Associations."

NEW YORK MASTER SHEET METAL WORKERS' BALL

With an attendance of over two thousand members and their friends, the fourth annual entertainment and reception of the Master Sheet Metal Workers, Brooklyn, N. Y., was held on the evening of February 15, at Prospect Hall, Brooklyn. The first part of the program of the evening included a number of vaudeville sketches, which were received with much laughter and applause. At the close of this part of the entertainment the main floor was cleared and the dancing began, the grand march being led by Mr. and Mrs. William H. Ostheimer. Over two hundred couples participated. The order of dancing was in two parts and it was long after midnight when 'Home, Sweet Home" was played. Our representative had the pleasure of meeting a number of the members of the association through the courtesy of Thomas F. Black, Sergant at Arms. There were a number of out-of-town members present, and A. Q. Seabrook represented Philadelphia. The various supply houses were largely represented.

MASTER SHEET METAL CONTRACTORS OF PROVIDENCE R. I.

At the annual meeting of the Master Sheet Metal Contractors' Association of Providence, R. I., the following officers were elected for the ensuing year:

President, William M. Congdon.

Vice-President. William N. Mclntyre.

Secretary, Fred W. Morse.

Treasurer, Warren Magoon.

NATIONAL METAL TRADES ASSOCIATION-CHICAOO BRANCH

The thirteenth annual banquet of the Chicago branch of the National Metal Trades Association was given at the Midday Club, 119 Monroe street, Chicago, Tuesday evening, March 14.

The banquet was well attended by the members and friends of the organization. Every one seemed to heartily enjoy himself. A splendid menu was prepared by the secretary, Mr. Paul Rlatchford.

After the banquet the reports of the various officers were read showing that good work was done by the organization in the past year. The present

OLD FASHIONED IRON ROOF

Way back in 1877 this "Old-fashion Iron" roof was placed on the little home of the Hubbard Store Company, Hubbard, Ohio. That was the year Professor Bell perfected the telephone and Philadelphia celebrated her 100th birthday anniversary. Through all these years, history-making years, this good ''Old-Fashion Iron" is said to have given perfect service. It has withstood the severe tests imposed upon it by Nature's forces and in addition the more powerful corrosion accelerating influence of an atmosphere heavily laden with sulphuric acid fumes. This roof lies in the heart of the Mahoning valley district, where coal and smoke of switch, freight and passenger engines is in the air through day and night.

Now coal contains about 1 per cent sulphur, and this, liberated in the smoke. soon combines with oxygen to make an amount of sulphuric acid equal to 2 per cent of the actual weight of the coal burned. It can be readily seen that where thousands and thousands of tons of coal are burned yearly, as is the case in the Mahoning valley, the corrosive attacks of sulphuric acid would be no small matter.

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And yet this roof is said to be in perfect condition to-day. There's not a pinhole corrosion point in it. Ten years more of service can logically be expected of it.

BUSINESS NOTES

Excelsior Stove 4 Mfg. Co., Quincy, 111., has issued the following:

TO THE STOVE TRADE.
IMPORTANT—READ CAREFULLY.

Our attention has been directed to a rumor circulated that our company has secured a large contract to supply a well-known Chicago Catalogue house with all their requirements in stoves and ranges for their western trade.

Another rumor has it that this same catalogue house has closed a deal to take over our entire product. Still another, to the effect that our entire plant was sold to the catalogue house.

We take this occasion to publicly deny all these statements, and as a further explanation, to state that we have never sold our piant. or any part of it, nor any of its products—not even to a single stove—to any catalogue house in the past, nor have we any intention of doing so in the future.

Our 1911 catalogue supplement, showing advanced, new and classy patterns, will be mailed you shortly.

Yours ttuly.
EXCELSIOR STOVE & MFG. CO.

Quincy, 111., March 1.

Medford Hardware & Furniture Co., Medford, Ore., has succeeded the Nicholson Hardware Co.

C. S. Brown, Hastings, Neb., has purchased the Interest of W. G. Arnold in the McGrath Hardware Co.

Fleeck & Fleeck, Libby, Mont., have purchased the hardware business of A. S. Thompson.

Harris Hardware Co., Mobridge, S. D., has been incorporated; capital stock, $25,000.

W. H. Fulmer & Son, Colman, S. D., have purchased the hardware business of Simonson & Nelson.

Kieselhorst & Schaetzke, Hortonville, Wis., have purchased the hardware business of Hagan Bros.

Galagan & Mealy, Madison Lake, Minn., have opened a hardware store.

C. R. Helder, A Ida, la., has purchased a half interest in the hardware and implement business of C. L. Rlckard.

Sterling & Johnson, Gresham, Wash., have opened a hardware store.

M. Fessenfield, Klamath Falls, Wash., baa succeeded Fessenfield & Maines in the hardware business.

F. H. Symes & Co., Rolfe, la., have purchased the hardware business of Hans Anderson & Bro.

Neal M. Nielsen, Livingston, la., has

At a meeting of the stockholders of the

Empire Iron & Steel Company on March 9th the capital stock was increased from $200,000 to $1,000,000. Six additional single puddle furnaces have been added to the "Old-Fashion Iron" Department of this company in order to take care of the increasing demand for Empire "Old-Fashion Iron." The officers of the company are: Geo. D. Wick, President; Samuel Siddall, Vice-President; J. D. Waddell, Treasurer; P. H. Hubbard, Secretary, and D. W. Kerr, Assistant Secretary.

Canton Mfg. Co., Canton, O., announce that the capital stock of the company has been increased from $100,000 to $200,000, and that they have absorbed the Multoplex Filing Device Company. The new officers of the company are: Mr. Jacob F. Smith, of Buffalo. President; C. E. Stuart, Treasurer, and C. N. Vickary, Vice-President.

The company are to very largely increase their plant, and will make a specialty of ventilators, metal ceilings, fireproof doors and windows, etc., for the sheet metal trade. They are also manufacturing a full line of office filing devices, both of wood and metal.

Newport Rolling Mill Co., Newport, Ky., at their exhibit at the Ohio Hardware Convention at Music Hall, Cincinnati, O., had many interesting articles made from "Genuine Open Hearth Iron," a rust-resisting, anti-corrosive Iron sheet adapted for places where an ordinary steel sheet does not give satisfactory service. A metal house entirely covered with the "Genuine Open Hearth Iron" Roofing and Siding attracted considerable attention. A horse shoe and bars were twisted and forged cold from this remarkable product. Tests were conducted, showing its superior rust-resisting qualities over steel and iron. Garbage cans, pumps, elbows, shoes, conductor pine and eave-troueh. stoves and ranges, boiler tubes, corrugated roofing, siding of all styles and description were shown.

A recent large order for this product was sent to United States Government for use In the Philippines.

Kelly Hardware Co., Duluth. Minn., has increased its capital stock to $150,000.

Ostad Bros., Northfield, Minn., have succeeded Ostad Bros. & Moshier in the hardware business.

Hopp Hardware Co., Rush City, Minn., has succeeded W. G. Hopps in the hardware business.

G. H. Luehrs. Pipestone, Minn., has succeeded G. F. Wohler in the hardware and furniture business.

S. L. Clarge, Northville, S. D., has purchased the hardware business of D. K. Young.

C. A. Templeton, Minneapolis, Minn., has opened a hardware store at 3807 Chicago Avenue.

Domestic Builders' Hardware Co., Minneapolis. Minn., has opened a hardware store at 1119 Seventh Street South.

Robins Bros., Delta, la., have opened a hardware store.

J. B. Jaspers, Bradford, la., has opened a hardware store.

Albert Kucera, Sohn, la., has opened a hardware store.

Price 4 Harlan, Libertyvllle, la., have succeeded B. E. Price in the hardware business.

H. S. Searle, Oelwein. Ia, has purchased the hardware business of J. B. Green.

John Anderson, Deary, Idaho, has succeded B. Peterson in the hardware business.

E. D. Davis, Neola, la., has purchased the hardware business of P. J. White.

Lee & Belllg, Great Falls, Mont., have

James Blakeslee, Sheldon, la, has opened a hardware establishment.

Thomas Miller, Panora, la, has purchased the hardware business of G. W. Hutton & Co.

CATALOGUES RECEIVED

J. M. & L. A. Osborn Co., Cleveland, O., expect to have ready for distribution by the first of April a new catalogue, which will be in sections, covering tinners' tools and supplies. The company announces that this catalogue will be the most complete ever issued by any sheet metal house. This book will be sent to those interested upon request.

Erlez Stove & Mfg. Co., Erie, Pa., has issued catalogue No. 8, illustrating and describing Erlez Gas Ranges, Junior Cookers, Water Heaters, and "Utility" Hot Plates.

Richardson's Revolving Ventilator is Illustrated and described in a folder sent us by the New England Ventilating & Heating Co., Providence, R. I.

Luther's "Diamond" Grinders are illustrated and described in a catalogue issued by the Luther Grinder Mfg. Co., Milwaukee, Wis.

"Hero" Furnaces and Combination Heaters are illustrated and described in catalogue "G" sent us by the Charles Smith Co., Chicago.

Killing Universal Rollover Straight-Drop Machine is illustrated and described in a booklet issued by E. Killing's Molding Machine Works, Davenport, la

Garner System of Ventilation is illustrated and described in a booklet issued by the Garner Ventilating Co., Chicago.

Standard Machinery Co., Providence, R. I., has sent us a catalogue illustrating and describing presses, drop hammers, rolling mills, wire drawing machinery, roller bearings, and special machinery.

"H & C" Locker is Illustrated and described in catalogue "B," Issued by the Hart & Cooley Co., New Britain, Conn.

"Economy" Furnace is illustrated and described in a catalogue Issued by the Cedar Rapids Foundry & Machine Co., Cedar Rapids, la.

Machine-Made Riveted Blow Pipe is Illustrated and described in a leaflet issued by Robertson Bros. Mfg. Co., Chicago.

Best Register Co., Milwaukee, Wis., has issued a catalogue illustrating and describing Registers and Ventilators.

Co-Operatlve Foundry Co., Rochester, N. Y., has Issued catalogue No. 6, illustrating and describing "Bermuda," "Ajax" and "Empire" Warm Air and Combination Furnaces.

Wire Eaves Trough Hangers are illustrated and described on a leaflet Issued by the Wheeling Corrugating Co., Wheeling, W. Va.

Glblin & Co., Utica, N. Y., have lately issued a catalogue illustrating and describing Furnace and Combination Heaters. In presenting this catalogue to the trade, the company makes the following

ANNOUNCEMENT. Presenting our new Furnace Dealers' Catalogue of our Hot Air Furnaces and Combination Heaters, we give in this catalogue Information for the dealers only, and have for distribution among customers another catalogue and also circulars particularly descriptive of each style of furnace, copies of which will be furnished upon application.

This Catalogue is Intended for the Exclusive Use of Dealers. We have made arrangements that will probably keep us supplied with a stock of furnaces sufficient to meet the demands at any time of the season, but we would particularly advise our customers, and especially those who handle large numbers of our furnaces to place their orders as early as possible.

We have established many branch houses throughout the United States, where a large stock of our furnaces is always on hand and from which shipments can be made at any time of the year. This arrangement makes every part of the United States accessible, because on receipt of wire order from our customers we immediately wire our branch houses to make shipment, and these branch houses being so well distributed, scarcely any delay will occur in delivery of any orders. The book contains a great deal of Information useful to the furnaceman in the installation of furnaces.

Healthful Heat is the title of a catalogue issued by Glblin & Co., Utica, N. Y.. illustrating and describing "Standard" furnaces. A portion of the book is also devoted to the company's Combination Gen

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