The New Testament: The History of the Investigation of Its Problems
"There can be nothing but praise for the treatment of the subject from the turn of the seventeenth to the eighteenth century up to the present day. Kummel finds the decisive stimuli of New Testament research as we now understand it in Textual Criticism and, interestingly enough, in English Deism. He goes on to trace scientific study from Semler and Michaelis up to the consistently historical approach inaugurated by D. B. Strauss and F. C. Baur. The other major developments are grouped under the main headings of 'The History of Religion School' and the 'HistoricoTheological View'. On this broad canvas the detail is superbly organized. Perhaps the outstanding feature of the book is the large amount of illustrative material taken from the writings of the principal scholars whose views are adumbrated and criticized. Behind the selection of material lie great skill and perception. To draw attention to the rich vein of source material is in no way to depreciate Kummel's own contribution which sets in context and gives significance to the excerpts. He makes the reader aware of what precisely are the problems of interpretation, how and why they arise when they do, how they are dealt with by this scholar and that, what is the strength and the weakness of each approach and hypothesis. Running commentary and illustrative material are both enhanced by over five hundred comprehensive notes, full indices, and bibliography. Here is an instrument of study for which we have long been looking and can only receive with gratitude" -- Marcus Ward in The Heythrop Journal.
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Preface to the First Edition
The Decisive Stimuli
13 other sections not shown
actually already ancient apocalyptic apostle appears basic Baur's Bible biblical Bultmann Canon Christ Christology concept concerning connection consequently criticism D. F. Strauss death disciples divine doctrine dogmatic early Christian edition Eichhorn Epistle eschatological evangelists exegesis exegete F. C. Baur fact faith Gentile Christianity Geschichte gnostic Gospel of John Greek H. J. Holtzmann Harnack Hellenistic hermeneutics historical Jesus history-of-religions Holy ideas individual influence interpretation investigation J. S. Semler Jewish Christians Johannine Judaism judgment kingdom letters literary literature Luke Mandaean matter Matthew means ment Messiah method myth narrative Neuen Testaments Old Testament origin Paul Paul's Pauline person preaching present presuppositions primitive Christianity primitive church problem proclamation question recognized regarded religion religious revelation Schweitzer Scripture Semler sense sources spirit Synoptic Gospels task teaching Testa Testament research theologian theology thought tion tradition truth Tubingen understanding Weiss whole wholly words writings