Religion and Identity in Porphyry of Tyre: The Limits of Hellenism in Late Antiquity
Porphyry, a native of Phoenicia educated in Athens and Rome during the third century AD, was one of the most important Platonic philosophers of his age. In this book, Professor Johnson rejects the prevailing modern approach to his thought, which has posited an early stage dominated by 'Oriental' superstition and irrationality followed by a second rationalizing or Hellenizing phase consequent upon his move west and exposure to Neoplatonism. Based on a careful treatment of all the relevant remains of Porphyry's originally vast corpus (much of which now survives only in fragments), he argues for a complex unity of thought in terms of philosophical translation. The book explores this philosopher's critical engagement with the processes of Hellenism in late antiquity. It provides the first comprehensive examination of all the strands of Porphyry's thought that lie at the intersection of religion, theology, ethnicity and culture.
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Porphyrys taxonomy of the divine
Salvation translation and the limits of cult
contexts of translation
Porphyrys ethnic argumentation
Ethnic particularism and the limits of Hellenism
Abst Abstinence Ahst ancient Anebo Aneho Antro nymph argument astrological barbarian Bardaisan Bidez body Chaldean Oracles Chaldeans Chapter Christian claim Comm commentary conception conﬁrm context corpus critical cult cultural daemons Damascius Demiurge difﬁculty discussion divine doctrine doxography Egyptian Ep.Marc ethnic ethnographic Eunapius Eusebius ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁrst principle fragments genos gods Greek Hadot Hebrews Hellenism Hellenocentric Homer human Iamblichus identiﬁed identity images imperial Indians intellectual interpretatio Graeca interpretive Johnson late antiquity Letter to Aneho material Maximus nations Nauck Neoplatonic ofthe one’s ontological Orac oracular Oran original pagan particular passage Phil Orac Philo philosophical Philosophy from Oracles Phoenician Plato Plotinus Plutarch polemical Porph Porphyrian Porphyry Porphyry’s Praep Proclus quotation quoted reference religious ritual Rome sacriﬁce salvation seems signiﬁcant Smith Sodano soul soul’s speciﬁc spiritual Stobaeus Styx sufﬁcient theological hierarchy theurgy Timaeus traditional translation treatise triad truth V.Plot vision wicked daemons wisdom