Stress and Coping: The Indian Experience
Future historians may well label the second half of the twentieth century as the age of 'speed'. Certainly, there has been an explosion of information in all areas of human activity and a rapid dissemination of knowledge. The result has been a growth in expectations which has affected not only individuals but also larger groups like organisations. And this, in turn, leads to stress. Even though stress is a much studied phenomenon it still tends to be defined in vague terms and is surrounded by confusion. Professor Pestonjee defines stress as occurring when demands on an individual exceed his adjustment resources. While stress is generally believed to have a deleterious effect of health and performance, recent research has revealed that a minimal level of stress is essential for effective functioning. It is the individual's reaction to stress which makes all the difference and may prove to be harmful
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Stress and Physiology
Life Events Stress
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acetylcholine administered age group associated catecholamine cent coefficients of correlation compared cope with stress coping strategies coping styles cortisol creative dimensions diseases dissociation hysteria employees executives experience factors findings histamine increased Indian individual inter-role distance Jenkins Activity Survey job anxiety job categories job characteristics model job involvement job satisfaction job stress locus of control managers marital measure mental health moderating effect negatively and significantly neuroticism observed occupational stress organisational climate organisational role stress organisational stress overall role stress patients perceived personal inadequacy personnel Pestonjee positive private sector psychological psychometric public sector Questionnaire regression analysis relationship between role response role ambiguity role conflict role efficacy role erosion role expectation conflict role isolation role overload role stagnation role stress sample comprised Scale Pareek self-role distance significant Singh social Srivastava strain stress and job stress variables stresses experienced stressors subjects symptoms Udupa ulcers whereas women