Gay and Lesbian Americans and Political Participation: A Reference Handbook (Google eBook)

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ABC-CLIO, Jan 1, 2002 - History - 339 pages
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In 1969, when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people first participated as a group in the political process, they faced an imposing array of obstacles. Everything from personal rejection and violence; state anti-sodomy laws; exclusion from the armed forces; and legal discrimination in employment, housing, credit, consumer service, and public accommodations.

Nevertheless, by the end of the millennium, LGBT people had transformed themselves into a well-organized and begrudgingly respected political force. In the process, they dramatically changed laws and attitudes across the nation. This new volume tells the story of the rapid growth and remarkable successes of the LGBT movement--a record that makes it one of the most successful social movements in U.S. history and, ironically, the least studied.

  

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Contents

Overview
1
Basic Definitions
2
Demographics
5
History of the LGBT Movement
9
Positioning LGBT People in US Politics
12
Internal Politics of the LGBT Community
15
Typology of Political Views
19
New Data on LGBT Political Participation
21
The LGBT Vote at the State Level
146
Congressional and Presidential Races
148
Political Party Involvement
158
Conclusion
175
References and Further Reading
176
Being Out in Public Life
183
Public Opinion
186
Why Does It Matter? LGBT Officials and Political Representation
190

References and Further Reading
39
Protest Politics
41
A History of LGBT Protest Politics
42
LGBT Pride Marches
52
Conclusion
67
References and Further Reading
68
Interest Group and Social Movement Participation
71
The Homophile Movement
72
The Gay Liberation Movement and Lesbian Feminism
75
AIDS Activism and Assimilation
78
The 1990s and Beyond
84
Organized Local Groups
87
Transgender Groups
98
Organized National LGBT Groups
102
National Interest Group Relationships
118
Conclusion
122
References and Further Reading
123
Electoral and Political Party Participation
129
The Lavender Vote Thesis
130
Getting Out the Vote
134
The LGBT Vote at the Local Level
142
Elected Officials
193
Appointed Officials
209
Unofficial Public Figures and Movement Leaders
222
Conclusion
229
References and Further Reading
230
Documents
235
Romer v Evans and Equal Protection under the Law
239
Baker v State of Vermont and SameSex Marriage
244
The Denver Principles ACT UP and the Politics of AIDS
247
Executive Orders Barring Discrimination
249
Pride Proclamation
251
Coming Out Statement of US Representative Jim Kolbe
253
Key People Laws and Terms
255
Resources
267
Selected State and Local Groups Arkansas
272
Selected Information Media and Resources
283
Chronology
285
Annotated Bibliography
319
Index
325
About the Authors
339
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

RAYMOND A. SMITH teaches at Columbia University and New York University and is a research scientist and Director of Communications at the HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies in New York City. He is coauthor of "Drugs into Bodies: Global AIDS Treatment Activism" (Praeger, 2006) and has edited major reference sets on American political participation and on AIDS.

Donald P. Haider-Markel is professor of political science at the University of Kansas.

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