The Politics of Turkish Democracy: Ismet Inonu and the Formation of the Multi-Party System, 1938-1950

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SUNY Press, Jul 5, 2005 - History - 271 pages
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One of the most significant yet least known periods of modern Turkish history is that of Turkey’s second president, Iùsmet Iùnönü. Following the death of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1938, Turkish politicians and intellectuals struggled to redefine Kemalist notions of modernity and democracy, Islam and secularization, the role of the state, and Turkey’s place in the world. The Politics of Turkish Democracy examines Iùnönü’s presidency (1938–1950), which developed amid the crises of World War II and the Cold War, global economic and political transformation, and economic and social change within Turkey. John M. VanderLippe analyzes the political discourse of the era and argues that Iùnönü was a pivotal figure who played the decisive role in Turkey’s transition to a multi-party political system.
  

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Contents

Political Discourse and Reform in Turkey
7
The Election of Ismet Inonu as President Kemalist Hegemony and Alternative Definitions
27
War at Home War Abroad New Terms of Domination
55
New Alliances and Demands for Change
77
The Emergence of Organized Opposition
97
PostWar International Tensions and the Expression of Opposition
113
The Emergence of the Democrat Party The Challenge and Limits of Organized Opposition
137
The Confines of the Cold War and the Redefinition of Kemalism
161
MultiParty Politics and the Defeat of Democracy
189
Endnotes
211
Bibliography
245
Index
265
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About the author (2005)

John M. VanderLippe is Associate Professor of History at the State University of New York at New Paltz.

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