The Archaeology of Elam: Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State
From the middle of the 3rd millennium BC until the coming of Cyrus the Great, southwestern Iran was referred to in Mesopotamian sources as the land of Elam. A heterogeneous collection of regions, Elam was home to a variety of groups, alternately the object of Mesopotamian aggression, and aggressors themselves; an ethnic group seemingly swallowed up by the vast Achaemenid Persian empire, yet a force strong enough to attack Babylonia in the last centuries BC. The Elamite language is attested as late as the Medieval era, and the name Elam as late as 1300 in the records of the Nestorian church. This book examines the formation and transformation of Elam's many identities through both archaeological and written evidence, and brings to life one of the most important regions of Western Asia, re-evaluates its significance, and places it in the context of the most recent archaeological and historical scholarship.
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Environment climate and resources
The immediate precursors of Elam
Elam and Awan
The dynasty of Shimashki
The grand regents of Elam and Susa
The kingdom of Susa and Anshan
The NeoElamite period
Achaemenid Acropole Akkadian Amiet ancient Anshan Antiochus Apadana archaeological Assurbanipal Assurbanipal's Assyrian attested Awan Babylon Babylonian Barahshum Brinkman bronze campaign Carter and Stolper ceramic Choga Zanbil cylinder seal Cyrus Darius deity dynasty early Elymaean Elymais ensi Eshnunna excavated Figure Gasche Ghirshman Greek Gundeshapur Haft Tepe highlands Ibbi-Sin inscribed bricks inscriptions Inshushinak Iran Iranian Kamniskires Kassite Khuzistan king of Elam king of Susa Konig Lagash land late later Luristan Malbran-Labat 1995 Mecquenem mentioned Mesopotamian Middle Elamite millennium BC Miroschedji Neo-Elamite Noldeke Old Akkadian palace Parthian period Persepolis Persian Puzur-Inshushinak reference region reign relief royal ruler Sargon Sasanian satrap Seleucid Shapur Shilhak-Inshushinak Shimashki Shimashkian Shulgi Shutruk-Nahhunte Sigrist southern Mesopotamia southwestern Iran Steinkeller stele Steve suggested sukkal sukkalmah Sumerian Susa Susiana Table tablets Tal-i Malyan temple Tepe Tepti-ahar texts third millennium Untash-Napirisha Ur III Uruk Vallat Vanden Berghe Zadok Zagros