Discourse Analysis: The Sociolinguistic Analysis of Natural Language

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University of Chicago Press, Sep 15, 1983 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 272 pages
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Linguistics has traditionally concentrated on studying single sentences or isolated speech acts. In this book Michael Stubbs explores one of the most promising new directions in contemporary linguistics—the study of many sentences and how they fit together to form discourse. Using many examples drawn from recorded conversations, fieldwork observations, experimental data, and written texts, he discusses such questions as how far discourse structure is comparable to sentence structure; whether it is possible to talk of "well formed" discourse as one does of "grammatical" sentences; and whether the relation between question and answer in conversation is syntactic, semantic, or pragmatic.
  

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Contents

A Programmatic Introduction 1 Language action knowledge and situation
1
The impossibility of discourse analysis?
3
Discourse analysis and linguistics
6
Discourse analysis and sociolinguistics
7
Terminology
9
Idealization
10
The state of the art
11
The organization of the book
13
The concepts of plot and summary
200
The semantic analysis of plots
202
Propositions entailments and presuppositions
203
or how to tell jokes
204
one cat or two
205
or how to tell lies
206
Maxims of quantity
208
Implicatures
209

Inspecting Conversational Data
15
Inspecting transcribed data
19
Some observations on the data
20
Narrative organization
23
Interactional roles
28
Discourse analysis and interaction
30
Narrative structure
31
Natural conversation
33
Native speaker fluency
35
Conclusions
37
Particles Adverbs and Connectors
67
PART THREE EXCHANGE STRUCTURE
84
Initiations and Responses
104
Observational studies of yes and
117
Knowledge and beliefs
123
PART FOUR SURFACE COHESION AND UNDERLYING COHERENCE
146
Finding the answer
164
Conclusions
175
The Propositional Analysis
194
Literary competence
195
Propositions in stories
198
Summary
210
The sociolinguistic analysis of literary language
211
Propositional analysis
213
Presuppositions
214
Notes on Sociolinguistic Methodology
218
The lack of accepted procedures in discourse analysis
219
Labov and sociolinguistic methodology
221
How much data?
223
Theoretical biases in recording
224
Theoretical biases in transcription
227
Field notes
230
Triangulation
234
The problem of perception
238
An illustration
243
Conclusions
246
Further Reading
247
References
249
Name Index
267
Subject Index
270
Copyright

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About the author (1983)

Michael Stubbs is lecturer in linguistics at the University of Nottingham.

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