Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science And Clinical Evidence

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Derek S. Wheeler, Hector R. Wong, Thomas P. Shanley
Springer Science & Business Media, 2007 - Medical - 1805 pages
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This new textbook is the definitive evidence-based resource for pediatric critical care. Written primarily for clinicians and students of critical care, it will also be of great value to all who work with children on pediatric intensive care or general wards. Each major section consists of separate chapters dedicated to reviewing the specific disease processes affecting each organ system. Each chapter concludes with a comprehensive list of references, with brief, concise remarks denoting references of 'special interest' and 'of interest'. Consequently, the book is unique in its comprehensive coverage of pediatric critical care and its ease of use.

  

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IMPORTENT TEXTBOOK

Contents

The PhysicianScientist in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
72
Resident and Nurse Education in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
77
EvidenceBased Medicine in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
82
Patient Safety in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
88
Pediatric Critical Care in Developing Countries
94
The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of the Future Technological Advances in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
102
Molecular Biology in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
111
Genetic Polymorphisms in Critical Care and Illness
134
Signal Transduction Pathways in Critical Illness and Injury
150
Proinflammatory and Antiinflammatory Mediators in Critical Illness
159
Endogenous Cytoprotective Mechanisms
166
IschemiaReperfusion Injury
175
Emergency Medical Services for Children
189
Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
202
Supplemental Oxygen and BagValveMask Ventilation
217
Assessment and Management of the Pediatric Airway
223
Vascular Access
253
Shock An Overview
274
Acute Respiratory Failure
299
Pediatric Transport Medicine
308
Withdrawal of Life Support
320
Brain Death
324
The Pathophysiology of Brain Death and Care of the Potential Organ Donor
333
Respiratory Physiology
349
Disorders of the Pediatric Chest
361
Respiratory Monitoring
376
Bronchoscopy in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
390
Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
395
Mechanical Ventilation
412
VentilatorInduced Lung Injury
426
Prone Positioning
432
HighFrequency Oscillatory Ventilation
442
Pulmonary Surfactant Biology and Therapy
453
Nitric Oxide
467
Extracorporeal Life Support for Children with Acute Respiratory Failure
473
Diseases of the Upper Respiratory Tract
485
Congenital Airway and Respiratory Tract Anomalies
506
Status Asthmaticus
512
47 Bronchiolitis
537
Pneumonia and Empyema
544
Pediatric Lung Transplantation
554
Neuromuscular Respiratory Failure
560
Diseases of the Pulmonary Vascular System
570
Developmental Cardiac Physiology
591
Hemodynamic Monitoring
602
Cardiopulmonary Interactions
622
Echocardiography in the Pediatric Critical Care Setting
644
Cardiac Catheterization in the Pediatric Critical Care Setting
651
Introduction to Congenital Heart Disease Nomenclature and Classification
665
Palliative Procedures
668
Congenital Heart Disease LefttoRight Shunt Lesions
672
Congenital Heart Disease Cyanotic Lesions with Decreased Pulmonary Blood Flow
679
Congenital Heart Disease Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction
692
Congenital Heart Disease Cyanotic Lesions with Increased Pulmonary Blood Flow
700
SingleVentricle Lesions
706
Vascular Rings and Associated Malformations
716
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
727
Pediatric Myocardial Protection
742
Postoperative Care of the Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patient
752
Mechanical Support of the Cardiovascular System Extracorporeal Life SupportExtracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Ventricular Assist Devices
765
Mechanical Support of the Cardiovascular System Intraaortic Balloon Pumping in Children
777
Arrhythmias
785
Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart and Pericardium Infective Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease
798
Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart and Pericardium Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Myocarditis
808
Diseases of the Pericardium
821
Evaluation of Coma
924
Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy After Cardiorespiratory Arrest
935
Toxic and Metabolic Encephalopathies
947
Infections of the Central Nervous System
956
Status Epilepticus
977
Diseases of the Peripheral Nervous System
990
Gastrointestinal Bleeding
1013
Acute Pancreatitis
1022
Liver Failure in Infants and Children
1027
Pediatric Liver Transplantation
1040
Perioperative Management of the Pediatric Surgical Patient
1054
Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in Children
1073
Nutritional Support of the Critically III Child
1079
Nutritional Assessment of the Critically III Child
1090
Inborn Errors of Metabolism
1103
Endocrine Emergencies
1111
Endocrine Disorders in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
1125
Renal Physiology
1143
Electrolyte Disorders in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
1156
AcidBase Disorders in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
1176
Renal Diseases in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Thrombotic Microangiopathy Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome and Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic P...
1189
Renal Disorders in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Glomerulonephritis and Nephrotic Syndrome
1204
Acute Renal Failure
1221
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
1228
Alternative Indications for Hemofiltration
1243
Renal Transplantation
1250
Transfusion Medicine
1263
Disorders of Blood Elements
1281
Coagulation Anticoagulation and Hemorrhage in the Intensive Care Setting
1296
CatheterRelated Occlusion and Thrombosis
1313
Venous Thromboembolic Disease and Pulmonary Embolism in Children
1322
Care of the Oncology Patient in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
1332
Complications Requiring Critical Care Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
1355
Pharmacology of Immunosuppression
1379
Primary and Secondary Immunodeficiencies
1405
Sepsis
1421
Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
1445
The Patient with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
1457
Nosocomial Infections in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
1472
Anaphylaxis
1486
Rheumatologic Disorders in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
1492
Infectious DiseaseAssociated Syndromes
1511
Trauma Systems and Regionalization of Trauma Care
1523
Head and Neck Trauma
1527
Dental Trauma
1545
Maxillofacial Trauma
1551
Eye Trauma and Emergencies
1558
Thoracic Trauma
1565
Abdominal Trauma
1572
Genitourinary Trauma
1579
Orthopedic Trauma
1589
133 Pediatric Burns
1597
Introduction to Pharmacology
1609
Toxic Exposures Diagnosis and Management
1621
Sedation and Analgesia
1642
Procedural Sedation and Anesthesia
1668
Neuromuscular Blockade
1674
139 Envenomations
1687
Drowning and NearDrowning
1706
Heat Illness and Hypothermia
1714
Malignant Hyperthermia
1725
Principles of Mass Casualty and Disaster Medicine
1730
An Overview of Chemical and Biologic Agents of Terrorism
1743
Index
1765
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Derek S. Wheeler, MD is an Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. He is the Associate Medical Director of the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, as well as an attending physician in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit at the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. He has published extensively in pediatric critical care medicine and has contributed to numerous textbooks in the past. Hector R. Wong, MD is a Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Director of the Division of Critical Care Medicine at the Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Cincinnati. He is on the editorial board of the journal, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine and has edited one book (with Dr Thomas Shanley) for KAP on the Molecular Biology of Acute Lung Injury, while contributing to numerous books, journals and supplements.Thomas P. Shanley, MD is the Ferrantino Professor of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases at the University of Michigan Medical Center. Dr Shanley is the Director of the Division of Critical Care Medicine, as well as the Director of the Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Fellowship Program at C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital. He has published extensively in pediatric critical care medicine and has previously edited one book (with Dr Wong) for KAP on the Molecular Biology of Acute Lung Injury.

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