Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic Through Roman Periods

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Oxford University Press, 2013 - History - 421 pages
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Animal sacrifice has been critical to the study of ancient Mediterranean religions since the eighteenth century. More recently, two leading views on sacrifice have dominated the subject: the psychological approach of Walter Burkert and the sociological one by Jean-Pierre Vernant and Marcel Detienne. These two perspectives have argued that the main feature of sacrifice is allaying feelings of guilt at the slaughter of sacrificial animals. However, both approaches leave little room for the role of the priests and the gods they hope to communicate with. Nor do they allow for comparison between animal sacrifice and other oblations offered to the gods. F. S. Naiden redresses the omission of these salient features to show that, far from being an attempt to assuage guilt or achieve solidarity, animal sacrifice is an attempt to make contact with a divine being, and that it is so important for—and perceived to be so risky for—the worshippers that it becomes subject to regulations of unequaled extent and complexity. Sacrificial priests are the most closely regulated of all Greek officials, and sacrifice itself is the most closely regulated public business. All this anxiety and effort invites some explanation, yet to date scholars have paid little attention to these regulations. Smoke Signals for the Gods addresses these, while drawing on recent work on Greek sacred law and Greek religious terminology. Furthermore, it seek to explain how mistaken views of sacrifice and animals arose, and traces them farther into the past, often back to early Christianity. Drawing on a wealth of sources, this book provides a complete picture of ancient animal sacrifice.
  

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Contents

1 The Invention of a Ritual
3
2 Venues and Offerings
39
3 Prayers and Answers
82
4 A God Says No
131
5 Rules Rewards and Experts
183
6 Markets and Messes
232
7 A Detective Story
276
8 The Demise of a Ritual
317
Appendix A
331
Appendix B
341
Bibliography
347
Index Locorum
375
Index Verborum
403
Index Nominum
409
Index Rerum
419
Copyright

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About the author (2013)


F. S. Naiden is Associate Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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