Judges of the Circuit. Richard Williams was descended from a family of that name in Glamorganshire, in Wales, and found a wife in Gloucestershire, England.

The children of Richard Williams, of Taunton, and Frances his wife:

1. John; 2. Samuel; 3. Joseph; 4. Nathaniel; 5. Thomas; 6. Benjamin; 7. Elizabeth; 8. Hannah.

The following facts with regard to the children and the grandchildren of Richard Williams, are derived in part from that indefatigable genealogist, Wm. R. Deane, Esq., of Boston, who has prepared valuable genealogical memoirs of the Deane, and of the Leonard families.

I. John.— Of him nothing is known.

II. Samuel, married Jane Gilbert; their children,

(1) Mary, married Henry Andrews, of Taunton.

(2) Sarah, married Benjamin Deane, of Taunton.

(3) Hannah, born about 1670, died June 20, 1708, aged 38, married Samuel Burns, of Taunton.

(4) Seth, b. about 1676, mar. Mary Deane, and d. May 13, 1761, in his 86th year.

(5) Samuel, b. about 1680, d. April 17,1765, in 86th year, mar. Abigail , who d. Feb. 23, 1779, in her 94th year.

(6) Daniel, b. about 1982, d. Sept. 7, 1735, mar. Mercy Deane.

III. Joseph, died Aug. 17, 1692, mar. Elizabeth ,


(1) Elizabeth, b. July 30, 1669, drowned, Oct. 13, 1688.

(2) Richard, b. Nov. 26, 1671, d. July 13, 1688.

(3) Mehitabel, b. June 7, 1676, mar. Increase Robinson of Taunton.

(4) Joseph, b. Feb. 13, 1678.

(5) Benjamin, b. Oct. 15, 1681, d. Jan. 10, 1757, aged 75; mar. Elizabeth Deane.

(6) Ebenezer, b. April 21, 1685.

(7) Phebe, b. Sept. 25, 1687, mar. Christopher Richmond, of Middleboro'.

(8) Richard, b. March 20, 1689.

IV. Nathaniel, mar. Nov. 17, 1668, Elizabeth Rogers, of Duxbury, and had children.

(1) John, b. Aug. 27, 1675.

(2) Nathaniel, b. April 9, 1679.

(3) Elizabeth, b. April 18, 1686, mar. John Macomber, of Taunton.

V. Thomas, wife Mary—their children:

(1) Mary, b. 1680, mar. Ebenezer Robinson, of Raynham.

(2) Jonathan, b. 1683, d. April 7, 1761, in 78th year of age; mar. Eliz. Leonard.

(3) Sarah, b. 1685, mar. James Hall, of Raynham.

(4) Macy, b. 1687.

(5) Hannah, b. 1689, mar. Joseph Snell, of Bridgewater.

(6) Bethiah, b. 1692, mar. Major Joseph Hodges, of Norton.

(7) Mehitabel, b. 1695, mar. Rev. Benjamin Webb, of Eastham.

(8) Damaris, b. 1698, married 1724, Daniel Howard, of Bridgewater.

VI. Benjamin, mar. March 18, 1689-90, Rebecca Macy — children:

(1) Rebecca, b. Nov. 27, 1690, mar. 1. Samuel Pitts; 2. James Williams, both of Taunton.

(2) Josiah, b. Nov. 7, 1692, mar. Martha Howard.

(3) Benjamin, b. July 31, 1695.

(4) John, b. March 27, 1699.

VII. Elizabeth, b. about 1647, d. 1724, aged 77, married John Bird, of Dorchester, b. 1641, d. 1732.

VIII. Hannah, mar. JohD Parmenter, of Boston.

Mr. Baylies is of the opinion Richard Williams was related to Oliver Cromwell, one of whose ancestors bore that name, and Williams was also the family name, until it was exchanged for an estate. Richard Williams was a deputy from Taunton to Plymouth in 1646, 1648, 1650, 1651, end several succeeding years. His name is at the head of the list both of those who made the South, and of those who made the North Purchase. Everything indicates that he was the Patriarch of the Plantation. In one of the letters of Roger Williams to the town of Providence, he alludes to his "brother," who had sent a paper of some kind for the consideration of the people, which required an answer. With reference to this expression, Mr. Baylies raises the query: "Does he mean his Christian brother or his natural brother? If his natural brother, was it Richard Williams of Taunton ?"* From which may be inferred the opinion of Mr. B. that Richard Williams of Taunton, and Roger Williams of Providence, were brothers.

Note N. Page 20.

At the first Court of Election in Massachusetts, May 18, 1631, "that the body of the Commons might be preserved of good and honest men," it was ordered, that from that time, no persons be admitted to the freedom of the body politic, but such as were members of some of the churches within its limits. [See Hubbard, ch. 26, Johnson, New-England, 39, Mass. Col. Laws, Holmes Am. Annals, vol. 1, p. 210.] Holmes remarks this law was repealed in 1665, but Hutchinson says, it was only "in appearance," and that it "was in fact continued in force until the dissolution of the charter government, in 1785." The qualifications of freemen in Massachusetts and the Plymouth Colony were not in this respect essentially different.

Note O. Page 20.

William Pool was brother of Elizabeth Pool, and afterwards removed to Dorchester, where he distinguished himself as a man of education and piety. In the annals of Dorchester by James Blake, which published Mss. constitutes number two of the

* Plym. Mem. part 1, page 272.

Collections of the Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical So" ciety, under date of 1674, we find the following entry: "This year Died Mr. William Pole, of whom ye Records thus speak, "Mr. William Pole, that sage, Reved. Pious man of God, departed this life Febr. 24th 1674." He was Clerk of ye Writs & Register of Births, Deaths & Marriages in Dorchester about 10 years; and often schoolmaster in Dorchester. Upon his Tomb it is thus written:

"The Epitaph of William Pole, which he himself made while he was yet living, in Remembrance of his own Death, and left it to be Engraven on his Tomb, so that being Dead he might warn Posterity. "Or a Resemblance of a Dead man bespeaking ye Reader." '' Ho Passenger 'tis worth thy Pains to stay "And take a Dead man's Lesson by ye Way. "I was what now thou art, & thou shalt be "What I am now, what odds 'twixt me and thee! "Now go thy way: but stay, take one word more, 1' Thy Staff for ought thou know'st Stands next ye Door. '' Death is ye Door, ye Door of Heaven or Hell: "Be warn'd, be arm'd, Believe, Repent, Farewell." He Died Febr. 24th, 1674; aged 81 years.

John, a son of William Pool, removed to Boston, and was subsequently distinguished, as a partisan officer in the great Indian war. He succeeded to the possessions of his aunt, Elizabeth Pool, and from him they descended eventually to the family of Borland. The wife of Colonel John Pool was the daughter of William Brenton, Esq., who resided in Taunton many years; from him are descended Sir Jahleel Brenton, an admiral in the British navy and the Hon. Brenton Haliburton. a Judge of the Supreme Court of Novascotia."—(F. Baylies.)

In the registry of early deaths in Taunton, to be found on the Proprietors' records is the following: "Timothy, son of Mr. William Poole, d. 15 Dec. 1667, he was drowned in a little pond at Wesquabinansit, (Squawbetty) where it was thought he did swim in after a gose which he had shoote."

Note P. Page 20.

Mr. John Gilbert, Senior, as is supposed, came from Devonshire at an age somewhat advanced, and settled with his family at Dorchester. He was dead previous to 1654, but his widow, Mrs. Winnifred Gilbert, was then living. He and Henry Andrews were the two first deputies or representatives from Taunton to the General Court in Plymouth, in 1639. He was a leading man in town. In 1641, Mr. John Gilbert, Senior, Mr. William Poole, Mr. Henry Andrews, John Strong, John Deane, Walter Deane, and Edward Case, received a grant of forty acres each, "lying together in some convenient place, for their great charges in attending courts, laying out of lands, and other occasions for the town." Two of his sons, Thomas and John, came with him to Taunton, and were original proprietors.

Note Q. Page 20.

Mr. Henry Andrews was one of the first two deputies to the General Court, in 1639. He was also a deputy in 1643, 1644, 1647, and 1649. He was probably a carpenter, or a contractor for building, as "in 1647, the calf pasture neck was sold to Henry Andrews for building the meeting-house" — the first meeting-house in the town of Taunton. In 1659, he in connection with John Macomber, was permitted to erect a saw-mill on Mill river, "if it be not found hurtful to the grist-mill." A son of Henry Andrews, bearing his name, was killed in King Philip's War.

Note R. Page 20.

John Strong was son of Richard Strong, of Taunton, England, and came to New-England with his sister, in the "Mary and John, in 1630.* His sister mar. Walter Deane, her name being Eleanor, f They were in Dorchester until the settlement

* Appendix to Hitchcock's sermon at the funeral of Airs. Joanna Strong.

t Brist. Beg. of Deeds — vii. HI.

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