Girls and Women in Education: A Cross-National Study of Sex Inequalities in Upbringing and in Schools and Colleges

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Jan 1, 1986 - Educational equalization - 186 pages
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This report examines how far Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries have come towards realizing equality between the sexes in education and the factors that facilitate or hinder progress in this regard. The report examines students in the formal education system of schools and colleges and reviews research findings on factors contributing to sex inequalities in education. The book is organized into two parts. Part 1 is titled "The Nature of Sex Differences in Learning and Education" and has three chapters. Chapter 1, "The Female Experience of Schools and Colleges: A Descriptive Overview," describes the strides made in higher levels of female enrollments and the inequalities that remain; chapter 2, "Sex Differences in Early Socialization and Upbringing and Their Consequences for Educational Choices and Outcomes," discusses traditional sex roles, how different socialization agents reinforce each other, and different ways in which schools and teachers contribute to this process; and chapter 3, "The Development of Sex Stereotyped Attitudes Among Boys and Girls: Different Models of Their Origins and Their Educational Implications," examines three models of the origins and development of sex differences in attitudes and educational attainment. Chapters 1 and 3 include extensive bibliographies. Part 2 of the report provides statistical evidence in the form of tables. (KWL)

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
7
SEX DIFFERENCES IN EARLY SOCIALISATION AND UPBRINGING
30
THE DEVELOPMENT OF SEX STEREOTYPED ATTITUDES AMONG BOYS
57
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