Crooked River Country: Wranglers, Rogues, and Barons
Crooked River Country is a sweeping account of north central Oregon's thrilling history, primarily the years between 1800 and 1950. Bordered by intimidating natural barriers, the rough country and harsh winters produced equally hardy inhabitants. Legends include Billy Chinook, Chief Paulina, Elisha Barnes, James M. Blakely, Newt Williamson, James J. Hill, Johnnie Hudspeth, and Les Schwab. In the early 1800s, only Native Americans, fur trappers, military expeditions, and missionaries roamed the forbidding setting, but after mid-century, pioneer families discovered lush pastures nestled in the expanse between the Cascades and the Blue Mountains. The homestead boom sparked deadly Paiute raids and conflicts over grazing rights. As land became more precious, Native Americans were forced onto reservations and "Vigilante" ranchers terrorized settlers. "Moonshiners" fought back. Dishonest politicians and capitalists exploited land claim laws and stole vast amounts of timberland. Steamship and railroad lines further opened the region, and the territory gradually became less wild. Big eastern lumber companies arrived and constructed the largest pine mills in the world. The stock market collapsed, and citizens faced severe economic depression intensified by prolonged drought. New Deal programs, good rainfall, and World War II eventually spurred industrial and population growth. Crooked River Country presents the captivating and thoroughly researched saga of the region's astonishing transformation.
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Town of Paulina
Fur Men 1820sl 830s
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acres arrived Bank Barnes became began Bend Bend Bulletin Blakely bought Bowman Museum bridge Brooks-Scanlon brothers building built Butte cabin camp Canyon City Cascades cattle cattlemen Central Oregon Central Oregonians claimed County Historical Society Crook County Crook County Historical Crooked River Dalles Deschutes County desert district Drake east feet fire Forest George grazing Harney Hay Creek homesteaders horses Hudspeth irrigation James James Blakely Jefferson Jefferson County John Day killed Lake land Langdon later livestock logging Lumber Company Madras Metolius miles mill Mitchell Mogan Moonshiners Mountain moved newspaper Ochoco Paiutes Paulina Pine Portland post office Powell Butte Prine Prineville Prineville's railroad ranch ranchers Redmond region residents road rode saloon sawmill settlers Shaniko sheep sheriff Shevlin-Hixon Sisters snow sold Thompson timber took town Vigilantes wagon Warm Springs Indians Wasco Wasco County Wheeler County Willamette Valley William Williamson winter